Home 時事彙整 2014.09 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.09 國際法相關時事彙整



Human Rights


IOC adds anti-discrimination to host contract

The IOC will require future Olympic host cities to abide by rules that forbid any kind of discrimination, a move prompted by the outcry caused by Russia’s adoption of a law banning so-called gay “propaganda” ahead of the 2014 Winter Games in Sochi.




In Abenomics’ shadow, Japanese women fight ‘maternity harassment’

Despite laws guaranteeing equal opportunity and a near parity of sexes attending university, Japanese women have yet to gain an equal footing in the workplace. http://www.hrreporter.com/articleview/22347-in-abenomics-shadow-japanese-women-fight-maternity-harassment#sthash.Cp60PXlj.dpuf



Political prisoners routinely tortured in Uzbekistan

Torture of political prisoners is widespread in ex-Soviet Uzbekistan, a Central Asian country courted by the West as a transit point for forces fighting in Afghanistan, the U.S. campaign group Human Rights Watch said in a report on Friday.




NY suit accuses Indian PM of role in 2002 violence

A human rights group has sued Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi ahead of his first visit to the United States on Friday, alleging he was complicit in sectarian violence in his country in 2002.




Iranian man executed for heresy: rights group

A former psychologist has been executed for heresy in Iran after eight years in detention, human rights groups said, in the latest example of what activists say is a worrying rise in the use of death penalty by the Islamic Republic.




St. Louis challenge to gay marriage ban in court

An assistant Missouri attorney general argued Monday in a St. Louis courtroom that state law, backed by a vote of the people, makes it clear that marriage is defined as between a man and a woman.





Kurds say Islamic State seizes Syrian villages near Turkish border

Islamic State fighters have seized 16 Kurdish villages in northern Syria in a major advance towards the city of Ayn al-Arab at the border with Turkey, a Kurdish military official and a group that tracks the civil war said on Thursday.




Syrian air strikes in northwest kill more than 40

At least 42 civilians including women and children have been killed in Syrian government air strikes on rebel-held territory in the country’s northwest, a monitoring group said on Monday.




ICC opens new Central African Republic probe

The International Criminal Court is opening a new investigation into atrocities including murder, rape and persecution during ruthless sectarian fighting since 2012 in the Central African Republic, the court’s prosecutor said Wednesday.




Cambodia to sign deal to resettle asylum seekers

Cambodia announced Wednesday that it will sign a deal with Australia this week to resettle people who were denied asylum there.




美為首聯軍傳誤擊敘北穀倉 平民喪命





Refugee plan set up for Central American minors

The Obama administration is initiating a program to give refugee status to some young people from Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador in response to the influx of unaccompanied minors arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border.



Armed Conflict


US-led coalition launches new airstrikes in Syria

U.S. coalition-led warplanes struck jihadis attacking a town near the Turkish border for the first time Saturday, as well as positions including wheat silos in the country’s east, activists and a Kurdish official said.




British fighter jets headed for first bombing run against Islamic State in Iraq

Two British fighter jets were flying over Iraq and ready to hit targets on Saturday, their first mission since parliament authorised strikes against Islamic State militants there, Britain’s Ministry of Defence said.




Seven Ukrainian soldiers killed in rebel attack, straining ceasefire

Seven Ukrainian soldiers were killed when separatist shelling hit their armoured vehicle near Donetsk airport in eastern Ukraine, a military spokesman said yesterday, putting a fragile ceasefire under further strain.




Wave of attacks in Shi’ite parts of Baghdad kill 35

At least 35 people were killed in a wave of car bomb and mortar attacks in mainly Shi’ite Muslim districts of Baghdad on Tuesday, Iraqi police and medical sources said.




Ukraine prosecutor opens criminal case against Russian officials

Ukrainian state prosecutors said on Tuesday they had opened a criminal investigation against a Russian law enforcement agency, accusing it of supporting separatist and “terrorist” groups in the east of the country.



International Commercial Law (WTO)


Ecuador launches safeguard investigation on floors of wood and bamboo and accessories

On 2 September 2014, Ecuador notified the WTO’s Committee on Safeguards that it initiated on 28 August 2014 a safeguard investigation on floors and wood and bamboo and accessories.




Sanctions against Russia ‘violate’ core principles of WTO

President Vladimir Putin has said that sanctions against Russia directly violate World Trade Organization (WTO) principles, and that Russia will continue to defend its economy with protective measures.




Members agree on urgent need to address WTO dispute settlement situation

At the Dispute Settlement Body meeting on 26 September, many delegations welcomed the Director-General’s statement about the challenges facing the WTO dispute settlement system. Russia rejected the European Union request for a panel in the dispute over light commercial vehicles.




Argentina appeals panel reports on import measures

On 26 September 2014, Argentina filed a Notice of Appeal regarding the Panel Reports in “Argentina – Measures Affecting the Importation of Goods” (WT/DS438/444/445).




WTO appoints new Appellate Body member

The WTO Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) appointed on 26 September 2014 Mr Shree Baboo Chekitan Servansing, of Mauritius, to the seven-member Appellate Body for four years commencing on 1 October 2014. Mr Servansing will replace Mr David Unterhalter, whose second term expired on 11 December 2013.



International Maritime Law


Singapore and Chinese navies carry out bilateral exercise in East China Sea

A bilateral exercise involving warships from the Singapore and Chinese navies was conducted in the East China Sea on Wednesday.




Cabinet approves ordinance to expand Japan’s continental shelf

The Cabinet approved an ordinance Tuesday to expand Japan’s continental shelf outside its exclusive economic zone to gain access to rare metals and other untapped natural resources under the seafloor.




China now building factories on disputed islands in South China Sea

China is now building factories and what appears to be a runway for the takeoff and landing of military jets on disputed islands in the South China Sea.




Kaixuan 1 oil rig starts drilling in East China Sea

China’s jack-up rig Kaixuan 1 has started its oil exploration in the East China Sea since the beginning of September.




Taiwan rejects advice to drop South China Sea claims

Taipei, Sept. 13 (CNA) Taiwan’s Foreign Ministry reiterated its territorial claims in the South China Sea on Saturday after a former U.S. diplomat urged Taiwan to stop using a demarcation line it has long adhered to in laying claim to the disputed waters.




Outer limits of the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from the baselines:

Submissions to the Commission: Partial Submission by Canada

On 6 December 2013, Canada submitted to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, in accordance with Article 76, paragraph 8, of the Convention, information on the limits of the continental shelf beyond 200 nautical miles from the baselines from which the breadth of the territorial sea is measured in the Atlantic Ocean.




China builds another island in South China Sea

IHS Jane’s has obtained satellite imagery that further illustrates the extent of China’s building of new islands in the Spratly Islands.



International Environmental Law


The 8% Consensus: Only 11 Of 144 Countries Have Backed The Kyoto Protocol’s Extension

Things aren’t looking very good for the United Nations’ upcoming climate summit this month. Not only are major world leaders opting not to attend the conference, but only a handful of countries have formally backed an extension to the world’s only legally binding climate agreement.




Germany ratifies Kyoto protocol extension

The German government has started the process of ratifying an extension to the Kyoto protocol, which will impose restrictions on emission levels for a second commitment period between 2013 and 2020.




Action Areas / Summit Announcements

At the Climate Summit on September 23rd 2014 in New York, at the invite of the UN Secretary-General, global leaders from Government, business, finance and civil society came together to announce bold commitments to action in areas that are critical for keeping global temperature increases to less than two degrees Celsius.




Singapore ratifies global agreement on climate change

Singapore has ratified the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol which will enter into force once 144 Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change’s Kyoto Protocol has signed and ratified.




Peru ratifies Kyoto Protocol extension to 2020

The Kyoto Protocol aims to reduce emissions prior to 2020, when a new UN agreement is set to come into force. But until an amendment is signed off by at least three quarters of the parties, the protocol only applies to the years 2008-12. In the interim, that leaves the world without an international framework binding them to emissions reductions.



International Intellectual Property Law


UK despatches ‘first intellectual property trade mission’ to China

The UK government’s first trade delegation to China focused on issues involving intellectual property (IP) has begun a five-day visit to the country aimed at boosting confidence for British firms doing business in China.




Ralph Lauren, Google EU, Gazprom: Intellectual Property

TVEyes Inc., a company that creates a searchable database of the content broadcast by more than 1,400 television and radio stations, doesn’t violate the copyright of Fox News Network, a federal judge in Manhattan ruled yesterday.




NIH and FDA win top award for intellectual property licensing of meningitis vaccine

The National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will receive a top national award for the year’s most outstanding intellectual property licensing deal, for technology transfer of a pioneering, low-cost meningitis vaccine launched in sub-Saharan Africa. The 2014 Deals of Distinction Award will be presented to the two federal agencies and their collaborators by the Licensing Executives Society External Web Site Policy at the society’s 50th annual meeting, Oct. 5-8 in San Francisco.




Apple is Being Sued for Infringing 13 SanDisk Patents

Ireland’s Longitude Licensing Ltd and Luxembourg’s Longitude Flash Memory Systems S.a.r.l. have filed a joint patent infringement lawsuit against Apple. The lawsuit involves a whopping 13 counts of infringement covering most iDevices and iPod models.




Hackers charged with stealing Xbox intellectual property

Four members of an international hacking ring were charged with the theft of over $100 million worth of software and data related to the Xbox One and Xbox Live consoles and other technologies, the Department of Justice announced Tuesday.


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