Home 時事彙整 2014.08 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.08 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

陳伶嘉、張倍銓

 

國際人權法

2014.08.01

Sharp rise in UK antisemitic attacks since start of Gaza conflict

Antisemitic hate crime rose by more than a third in the first six months of the year and spiked to a five-year high in July, figures show.

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/aug/01/sharp-rise-uk-antisemitic-attacks-gaza-conflict

 

2014.08.01

Americans facing trial in North Korea call on US to help secure their release

Two American tourists charged with “anti-state” crimes in North Korea have pleaded for help from the US government to secure their release before they face trial, and the prospect of long prison terms.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/01/americans-trial-north-korea-release

 

2014.08.11

Kuwaiti media owner is stripped of his citizenship

The owner of a newspaper and TV outlet is one of five people who have been stripped of their citizenship by the Kuwaiti authorities.

http://www.theguardian.com/media/greenslade/2014/aug/11/press-freedom-kuwait

 

2014.08.14

Child asylum seekers’ rights on Nauru ‘systematically violated’, inquiry told

Forensic evidence of the “systematic violation” of child asylum seekers’ human rights on Nauru has emerged in a compelling 53-page document written by a group of anonymous Save the Children workers on Nauru and submitted to the national inquiry into children in immigration detention.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/14/child-asylum-seekers-rights-on-nauru-systematically-violated-inquiry-told

 

2014.08.15

Azerbaijan detains prominent human rights activists in fresh crackdown

Azerbaijan has detained at least four of the country’s most prominent human rights activists, prompting fears that authorities are intensifying efforts to silence campaigners ahead of the world’s first European Games in Baku next summer.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/15/azerbaijan-detains-human-rights-activists-fresh-crackdown

 

2014.08.24

China executes eight, including Tiananmen attackers

China has executed eight people in the north-western region of Xinjiang, for what it calls “terrorist” attacks, reports the state news agency Xinhua.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-28917604

 

 

國際人道法

2014.08.07

Khmer Rouge leaders guilty of crimes against humanity and jailed for life

A UN-backed war crimes tribunal has found the Khmer Rouge’s Brother No 2 Nuon Chea and former head of state Khieu Samphan guilty of crimes against humanity and sentenced the two elderly men to life imprisonment, in a move heralded by human rights groups as a “historic victory” for the nation.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/07/khmer-rouge-leaders-guilty-of-crimes-against-humanity-and-jailed-for-life

 

2014.08.07

Israel has committed war crimes in the Gaza conflict

The large number of Palestinian civilians killed in Israeli attacks on Gaza, including schools, parks and a U.N. shelter, constitute a clear violation of the Rome Statute or the Statute of the International Criminal Court.

http://www.dailystar.com.lb/Opinion/Commentary/2014/Aug-07/266298-israel-has-committed-war-crimes-in-the-gaza-conflict.ashx#axzz3BMvm3Qkk

 

2014.08.08

South Sudan atrocities amount to war crimes, report warns

Both sides in South Sudan’s eight-month civil war have committed “extraordinary acts of cruelty” that amount to war crimes, and potentially, crimes against humanity, according to Human Rights Watch (HRW).

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/aug/08/south-sudan-atrocities-war-crimes-report-warns

 

2014.08.08

US Border Patrol apprehends Rwandan man for crimes against humanity

American Border Patrol officials in Maine have arrested a Rwandan man wanted by the Canadian government for reportedly violating international laws and committing crimes against humanity.

http://rt.com/usa/179120-border-patrol-rwanda-crimes-humanity/

 

2014.08.20

Syria: Journalist’s Execution a War Crime

The apparent execution of the freelance journalist James Foley on August 19, 2014 in Syria by the Islamic State would be a war crime if confirmed. Groups detaining journalists should immediately and unconditionally release them.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/08/20/syria-journalist-s-execution-war-crime

 

2014.08.25

Tribunal accepts war crime charges against Hasan

The International Crimes Tribunal-1 yesterday accepted six charges on crimes against humanity in 1971 against fugitive Syed Md Hasan Ali after the prosecution submitted those before it.

http://www.thedailystar.net/city/tribunal-accepts-war-crime-charges-against-hasan-38594

 

國際環境法

2014.08.04

Star of Colombia receives international protection

The Inirida Fluvial Star located in eastern Colombia is one of the most biologically diverse areas of the world and will now benefit from international protection after it was declared Colombia’s sixth RAMSAR site.

http://wwf.panda.org/wwf_news/?226711/Star-of-Colombia-receives-international-protection

 

2014.08.06

保護沖繩儒艮 美國軍方被保育團體告上法院

7月31日,美日保育團體向美國舊金山法院提出訴訟案,要求日本沖繩的美國軍方暫停興建簡易軍用機場,因為相關工程將在瀕危儒艮的僅存棲地上鋪路。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/101403

 

2014.08.06

買賣象牙犀角製品入罪 美紐澤西州立法打擊黑市

共和黨籍紐澤西州州長 Chris Christie 5日簽署兩黨共識法案,將象牙和犀牛角製品的進口、銷售和購買入罪。繼6月立法的紐約州之後,紐澤西成為美國第二個禁止象牙和犀牛角走私的州。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/101372

 

2014.08.14

U.S. Waives Sanctions on Myanmar Timber

The decision, which went into effect late last month, is being hailed by some as an opportunity for community-led and sustainability initiatives to take root in Myanmar, where lucrative forestry revenues have long been firmly controlled by the military and national elites. The European Union, too, is currently working to normalise its relations with the Myanmarese timber sector.

http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/08/u-s-waives-sanctions-on-myanmar-timber/

 

2014.08.20

Climate Change Threatens South Asian Economy, Bank Warns

Climate change will slash up to nine percent off the South Asian economy every year by the end of this century if the world continues on its current fossil-fuel intensive path, the Asian Development Bank warns in a new report.

http://ens-newswire.com/2014/08/20/climate-change-threatens-south-asian-economy-bank-warns/

 

武裝衝突

2014.08.01

Hamas and Israel agree 72-hour Gaza ceasefire

The UN and the US have announced that Israel and Hamas have agreed to an unconditional 72-hour humanitarian ceasefire to begin on Friday morning.

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/07/un-us-announce-72-hour-gaza-ceasefire-2014731214037997737.html

 

2014.08.08

Dozens killed in Iraqi airstrike

At least 76 men were killed Wednesday when the Iraqi air force struck a building in Mosul believed to be used by Islamic militants as a temporary detention center, an Iraqi official told CNN.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/06/world/meast/iraq-violence/index.html

 

2014.08.10

Officials: U.S. airstrikes pound ISIS militants firing at Iraq’s Yazidis

American warplanes pounded extremist Sunni fighters in northern Iraq on Saturday in what officials described as an effort to defend minority Yazidis “being indiscriminately attacked,” strikes that came just as President Barack Obama warned of an extended air campaign against the terror group.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/09/world/meast/iraq-crisis/index.html

 

2014.08.21

3 senior Hamas military leaders killed in Israeli airstrike on Gaza

An Israeli airstrike on a house in Gaza overnight killed three high-ranking members of Hamas’ military wing, the Qassam Brigades, the militant group said Thursday. Seven civilians were also killed.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/21/world/meast/mideast-crisis/index.html

 

2014.08.22

With more than 191,000 dead in Syria, U.N. rights chief slams global ‘paralysis’

It’s a chilling figure: 191,369 men, women and children reported killed in Syria between March 2011 and the end of April 2014.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/22/world/meast/syria-conflict/index.html?hpt=imi_c2

 

2014.08.22

Hamas admits its men abducted Israeli teens, says its leaders didn’t know

A Hamas official admitted Friday that militants from his group abducted three Israeli teens in the West Bank in June, but the official said the kidnappers did not tell their leaders about the action.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/08/22/world/meast/mideast-crisis/index.html?hpt=imi_c2

 

國際海洋法

2014.08.05

釣魚台/鄭海麟:日方命名釣島妄圖矇騙國際輿論

中評社香港5日刊出鄭海麟的專文,全文摘編如下:8月1日,日本政府宣佈給“確定日本領海範圍基點的離島”中的158個無名島命名,其中5個島涉及釣魚島附屬島嶼:日本將南小島周邊的兩島命名為“東南小島”和“西南小島”,將黃尾嶼(日本稱久場島)周邊的3島命名為“東小島”、“東南小島”和“西北西小島”。日本輿論普遍認為,離島命名有助於日本政府加強管理,明確日本對其的所有權。

http://news.sina.com.tw/article/20140805/13047143.html

 

2014.08.20

UN approves extension of Uruguayan continental shelf

The United Nations (UN) finally accepted the proposition of the Uruguayan Government to extend the Uruguayan continental shelf from 200 to 350 miles.

http://www.fis.com/fis/worldnews/worldnews.asp?monthyear=&day=20&id=70740&l=e&special=&ndb=1%20target=

 

2014.08.27

Turkey opens criminal cases regarding violations of Ukrainian territorial waters – Petrenko

The Turkish authorities have opened criminal cases against those who violate Ukrainian territorial waters, Ukraine’s Justice Minister Pavlo Petrenko said in an interview with Focus magazine.

http://www.nrcu.gov.ua/en/148/575222/

 

2014.08.29

Somalia sues Kenya at top UN court over maritime border

Somalia took its maritime border dispute with Kenya to the United Nations’ top court on Thursday, which could decide the fate of potentially lucrative oil and gas reserves off east Africa.

http://www.expatica.com/nl/news/dutch-news/somalia-sues-kenya-at-top-un-court-over-maritime-border_300662.html

 

2014.08.29

China and Vietnam Have Agreed to Disagree on the South China Sea

China and Vietnam have agreed to negotiate territorial and border disputes in the hotly contested South China Sea. This announcement comes just one day after Lê Hong Anh, a senior Vietnamese Communist Party official, Politburo member, and haver of impressive eyebrows, met with Chinese President Xi Jinping in Beijing.

https://news.vice.com/article/china-and-vietnam-have-agreed-to-disagree-on-the-south-china-sea

 

2014.08.30

SOMALIA: Proceedings against Kenya with regard to a dispute concerning maritime delimitation in the Indian Ocean

Mogadishu (RBC) The Federal Republic of Somalia instituted proceedings against the Republic of Kenya before the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, with regard to “a dispute concerning maritime delimitation in the Indian Ocean”, according to the court’s press release.

http://www.raxanreeb.com/2014/08/somalia-proceedings-against-kenya-with-regard-to-a-dispute-concerning-maritime-delimitation-in-the-indian-ocean/

 

國際貿易法

2014.08.01

WTO agreement on facilitating trade blocked by India

The World Trade Organization failed to implement a deal on streamlining customs procedures and other reforms by a midnight Thursday deadline, after India blocked the accord due to its discontent on the issue of food security.

http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/kyodo-news-international/140801/wto-agreement-facilitating-trade-blocked-india

 

2014.08.01

Delhi confirms Saudi ban on import of Indian pepper

“Saudi authorities have decided to impose temporary ban on the import of all types of pepper from India with effect from May 30,” Commerce and Industry Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said in a written reply to parliamentarians.

https://www.zawya.com/story/Delhi_confirms_Saudi_ban_on_import_of_Indian_pepper-ZAWYA20140801042209/

 

2014.08.08

India files notice of appeal in steel products dispute

On 8 August 2014, India filed a notice of appeal regarding the panel report in “United States – Countervailing Measures on Certain Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products from India” (DS436).

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/ds436apl_11aug14_e.htm\

 

2014.08.09

中國限制稀土出口 WTO裁定違法

世界貿易組織(WTO)宣布,中國限制稀土出口違反國際貿易法規,決定駁回中國上訴、維持原判,美方更進一步向WTO爭端解決小組提出申請,要求中國在30天內依判決取消出口限額。

http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/world/paper/803038

 

2014.08.18

Malaysia Launches Safeguard Investigation on Hot Rolled Steel Plate

Malaysia has notified the WTO’s Committee on Safeguards that it has initiated a safeguard investigation on hot rolled steel plate.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/safe_mys_18aug14_e.htm

 

2014.08.21

WTO Panel Decides Against U.S. in Meat-Labeling Dispute

The U.S. has lost a key round at the World Trade Organization in a trade dispute with Canada and Mexico over meat labeling, according to people familiar with the WTO’s findings.

http://online.wsj.com/articles/wto-panel-decides-against-u-s-in-meat-labeling-dispute-1408645566

 

2014.08.22

Panel reports issued in dispute over Argentina’s import measures

Panel reports were issued on 22 August in the dispute involving Argentina, European Union, United States and Japan over Argentina’s import measures (DS438, DS444, DS445)

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/438_444_445r_e.htm

 

國際智慧財產權法

2014.08.01

UK Adopts Private Copying Exception As Some Rightholders Mull Legal Action

A new United Kingdom copyright exception for private copying cleared Parliament on 29 July and will become law in October. The change brought cheers from high-tech and digital rights groups. UK Music, however, said the new regulation will hurt creators and that it is considering legal action.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/08/01/uk-adopts-private-copying-exception-as-some-rightholders-mull-legal-action/

 

2014.08.06

Switzerland Continues Work On Changes To Online Copyright Rules

Switzerland is considering the “modernisation” of its copyright law to adapt the rights and obligations of various stakeholders to the “realities” of the internet. The country’s generous exception on private use of downloaded material appears to be preserved in the proposed change but internet service providers might feel the pinch.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/08/06/switzerland-continues-work-on-changes-to-online-copyright-rules/

 

2014.08.11

Australia Eyes Copyright Act Amendment To Curb Downloading

The Australian government is seeking to amend its copyright act to address online copyright infringement. To that purpose, a discussion paper has been issued for public input until 1 September. In particular, the paper looks at trends in similar nations and proposes measures to dry up business models operating outside of Australia, and to extend the responsibility of internet service providers.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/08/11/australia-eyes-copyright-act-amendment-to-curb-downloading-isps-wary/

 

2014.08.22

Monkey business: macaque selfie can’t be copyrighted, say US and UK

If an animal steals your camera and takes a photo that subsequently becomes world-famous, there’s bad news: the US Copyright Office has ruled that the picture can’t be copyrighted – so anyone can use it for free.

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/aug/22/monkey-business-macaque-selfie-cant-be-copyrighted-say-us-and-uk

 

2014.08.26

New Proposal To Keep Indigenous Peoples On WIPO Traditional Knowledge Committee

A group of countries has submitted a new proposal to the upcoming meeting of the World Intellectual Property Organization budget committee to allow the continued participation of indigenous peoples representatives in WIPO’s committee on traditional knowledge and genetic resources.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/08/26/new-proposal-to-keep-indigenous-peoples-on-wipo-traditional-knowledge-committee/

 

 

 

 

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