Home 時事彙整 2014.06 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.06 國際法相關時事彙整





Intimidated journalists in Pakistan cannot exercise press freedom

Press freedom no longer exists in Pakistan. Journalism is under constant threat with both broadcast and newspaper journalists being intimidated into silence.




Libya’s detention centres accused of torturing migrants and refugees

Migrants and refugees held in government-run detention centres in Libya are being tortured and abused, according to Human Rights Watch which has taken testimonies of whippings, electric shocks, beatings, strip-searches and people being hung upside down from trees.




The photojournalist held in an Egyptian jail for 10 months without charge

The Egyptian regime’s lack of justice was illustrated by the jailing of three innocent Al-Jazeera journalists this week.




Utah gay marriage ban declared unconstitutional by appeals court

A federal appeals court issued a historic ruling on Wednesday, finding for the first time that same-sex marriage is constitutionally protected in a decision that is expected to bring the issue closer to the US supreme court.




Nigerian man is locked up after saying he is an atheist

A Nigerian man has been incarcerated in a mental health institution by his family after saying he had lost his belief in God.




Cutting off water to Detroit’s poor ‘an affront to human rights,’ says UN

Residents of Detroit, Michigan who are $150 or two months past-due on their water bills are having their water shut off by the bankrupt city. Now, even the United Nations has stepped in, saying Detroit is in violation of the human right to water.




Pakistan woman and husband killed by family over unapproved marriage

A 17-year-old woman and her husband were killed by her family for marrying without its consent, and another young woman was burned alive by a man for refusing his marriage proposal in Pakistan’s eastern Punjab province, police have reported.




Russia: Anti-LGBT Law a Tool for Discrimination

Russia’s anti-gay “propaganda” law has served as a tool for anti-gay discrimination in the year since it entered into force, even though Russian authorities have fined only four people for violating it. The law’s adoption also coincided with the spread of violence and harassment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and LGBT rights activists and a rise in homophobic hate speech by some Russian officials and public figures, Human Rights Watch research found.





Ukraine’s humanitarian crisis worsens as tens of thousands flee combat in east

Fighting between Ukrainian government troops and pro-Russian militia is fuelling a worsening humanitarian crisis in eastern Ukraine. Tens of thousands of people are fleeing combat, most of them from the rebel capital of Slavyansk, where almost daily shelling has claimed numerous civilian casualties since late May.




Killing of Palestinian Children By Israeli Occupation Soldiers Apparent War Crime

Video footage, photographs, witness statements, and medical records indicate that two 17-year-old boys whom Israeli forces shot and killed on May 15, 2014 posed no imminent threat to the forces at the time, Human Rights Watch said today. The boys, who had been participating in a demonstration in the West Bank, were apparently shot with live ammunition, Human Rights Watch said.




ISIS Attacks on Civilians Could Amount to War Crimes: UN

Attacks on Iraqi civilians by terrorist and armed groups like ISIS could amount to war crimes and protection of civilians should be the primary focus of any strategy to address the crisis in that country, special advisors to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon have said.




Witnesses claim genocide in Attagara amid Boko Haram chaos

An on the spot investigation by our correspondent suggests that the current situation in some parts of Borno State may amount to genocide. Although the focus has been on the bombings and kidnappings as well as the potential human rights violations and crimes against humanity, nobody has been bold enough to call the situation there an outright massacre.




Teens Abductions; Palestinians vs Israelis

For the last ten days Israeli propaganda had deafened our ears and blinded our eyes with their exaggerated alleged grievances about three supposed-to-be innocent Israeli teens, who allegedly had been abducted by Palestinians, namely Hamas, in their attempt to justify an Israeli terror campaign of mass abductions of Palestinian children, youth and officials to derail the formation of the newly Hamas/Fatah technocratic government.




Report: Syria rebels send children into war

Syrian rebels have recruited teenagers as young as 15 to fight in the country’s civil war, according to a rights group.




Shiite villagers describe ‘massacre’ in Iraq

The villagers lowered 15 bodies into a mass grave on Monday. Two of the dead were young girls. The rest were men. All had been executed at point-blank range by al-Qaeda-inspired rebels and their allies, during what witnesses say was an attack aimed at destroying four Shiite Turkmen communities.




Sudan Bombing of Civilians May Be War Crime, Amnesty Says

Sudan’s army may have committed a war crime in Southern Kordofan state by carrying out indiscriminate air strikes on civilians during its campaign against rebels, Amnesty International said.




Syrian warplanes reportedly strike in Iraq, killing 57 civilians

Reports that Syrian warplanes carried out a cross-border attack on Iraqi towns this week is further evidence of the blurring between the two countries’ borders as they face an offensive by Islamic extremists.




Rights Organization: ISIL Terrorists Using Children as Human Shields in Nineveh

The Iraqi Rights Organization said the terrorists of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant are using children as human shields to avoid being targeted by the Iraqi security forces in Nineveh province.





基改作物 歐盟會員國自行決定





「G77+中國」峰會閉幕 宣誓反貧窮 抗氣候變遷





Japan kills 30 minke whales in first hunt since UN court order

Japan has killed 30 minke whales off its north-east coast, in the first hunt since the UN’s top court ordered Tokyo to stop killing the animals in the Antarctic, the government said.




能源白皮書通過 日本將重啟核電





前挪威總理布倫特蘭 獲頒唐獎首屆永續發展獎

有「東方諾貝爾獎」之譽、由潤泰集團總裁尹衍樑效法諾貝爾獎設立的唐獎,18日上午公布第一屆永續發展獎的得主,前挪威總理、曾任聯合國世界環境與發展委員會主席、世界衛生組織主席的格羅‧哈萊姆‧布倫特蘭(Gro Harlem Brundtland),在上百名入選的競爭者中脫穎而出。




















23 killed in clashes in Iraqi city of Samarra, health officials say

Gunmen attacked several security checkpoints in the Iraqi city of Samarra on Thursday morning, sparking hours of deadly fighting with Iraqi security forces, police officials in Samarra said.




Five Bomb Cars Killed 21 in Iraq

Five car bombs exploded Saturday evening in several Baghdad neighborhoods, killing at least 21 people and wounding 53 others, police officials in Baghdad told CNN.




Attack from Syria kills Israeli teen; Israeli military kills two Palestinians

Israel came under attack Sunday on two fronts, according to the Israeli military. In an incident near the Israeli-Syrian border, a 15-year-old Israeli civilian was killed and two others were injured, the Israeli military said.




Israel launches air strikes on Syria over teen death

Israeli warplanes struck nine Syrian army positions on the Golan Heights overnight after a Syrian missile killed a teenager on the Israeli-held side of the plateau, the army said on Monday.




Israeli airstrike kills 2 in Gaza City, Palestinian sources say

An Israeli airstrike killed two men in Gaza City on Friday afternoon, Palestinian medical sources said — an attack that the Israeli military says targeted people involved in recent rocket attacks against Israel.





Cabo Verde presents request from seven countries to extend continental shelf to UN

Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) is set to hand in a request to the United Nations (UN) along with six other West African countries to extend their continental shelves beyond 200 nautical miles, according to the final statement of a ministerial meeting held Wednesday in Praia.




China Moves Second Oil Rig Into Vietnam’s Exclusive Economic Zone

On Thursday, China said that it would move a second oil rig into the waters off Vietnam’s coast, where the two countries have been engaged in a protracted dispute since early May. China’s Maritime Safety Administration (MSA) posted a notice on its website stating that this new rig will be installed between June 18 and 20. Its final location will be at 17°14.1′ North latitude and 109°31′ East longitude off the coast of Vietnam.




China’s refusal to join arbitration a serious violation of Unclos

China’s snub of the Philippine arbitral claim on the West Philippine Sea and the slew of building projects initiated by Beijing on disputed reefs in the area are “a serious and belligerent violation” of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Unclos), a Filipino lawyer and international legal expert told a conference in Tokyo last week.




China boat sinks in waters north of islets disputed with Japan

Five Chinese fishermen are missing after a trawler sank on Friday in waters to the north of islands disputed with Japan in the East China Sea in what appeared to be an accident, state media said.




Filipino, US troops hold drills near disputed sea

More than 100 Filipino and U.S. marines in assault amphibious vehicles conducted a mock assault on imaginary enemies in military drills Monday on a beach in northwestern Philippines facing the South China Sea, where Manila is locked in a territorial dispute with China




Chinese increased borders

The People’s Republic of China has now increasingly articulated a reverse-logic rationale for its territorial aggression on the South China Sea, including the West Philippine Sea. In a clear political move, it recently authorized the release of an official map that delineated the Chinese borders including a new “10-dash line.” The latter covers a much wider swath of maritime seas compared to the former “9-dash line” and the “11-dash line” it formerly published.





EU Biodiesel Duties Spark A 2nd WTO Challenge

Indonesia’s foreign ministry on Wednesday challenged the European Union’s anti-dumping duties on biodiesel imports at the World Trade Organization, joining Argentina as the second country to challenge the duties, which allegedly flout global trade rules.




WTO agreement to hinder ban on flat shoes, gumshoes and stiletto heels

The Eurasian Economic Commission will consider a petition to include new orthopedic requirements for shoes in the technical regulations of the Customs Union. The commission, however, doubts the decision will be positive due to existing WTO regulations, a source in the EEC told RIA Novosti.




Russia brings WTO complaint over ‘illegal’ US sanctions – Medvedev

Moscow intends to present a complaint to the World Trade Organization (WTO) claiming ‘politically motivated’ US sanctions that target local companies are hurting Russian external trade and violate WTO rules, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said on Friday.




U.S. prevails in WTO dispute with China over “retaliatory” AD/CVD duties on U.S. autos

On May 23, 2014, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement panel issued its report, finding that China’s imposition of antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CVD) duties on certain U.S. automobiles violated numerous procedural and substantive obligations under the WTO’s Antidumping Agreement and Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures.




WTO extends PHL tariff restrictions on rice, says Agri chief Alcala

The World Trade Organization Committee on Trade in Goods (WTO-CTG) has granted a Philippine petition for protective measures by keeping the high duties on imported rice under the minimum access volume at 40 percent and incoming shipments of the commodity at 50 percent outside the MAV, the Department of Agriculture said Monday.




Taiwan complains to WTO over Canada

Taiwan has launched a WTO challenge to Canada over duties on steel which Ottawa claims is being dumped on its market, sources said yesterday.




EU files WTO complaint over Russian pork embargo

The European Union has filed a formal complaint against Russia at the WTO over Moscow’s embargo on pork from the bloc, trade sources said Friday.





NewPoint Media Seeks Declaration of Non-Infringement of Easy IP Patent and Copyrights Covering Custom Advertisement Creation

NewPoint Media Group, LLC (“NewPoint Media”), filed a complaint in the Northern District of Georgia seeking a declaratory judgment against Easy Intellectual Property Licenses, LLC (“Easy IP”) declaring that NewPoint Media does not infringe software electronic advertising copyrights of Easy IP or U.S. Patent No. 8,234,174, which published on July 31, 2012 (the ‘174 Patent).




FIFA releases manual on intellectual property to ward off copyright infringers

As anticipation builds up leading to the opening day of the 2014 World Cup of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, the global football body has released a manual focusing on the intellectual property-related aspects of one of the biggest sporting events in the world. Sensing the enterprising ingenuity of several common folk and businesses, FIFA has published the manual in the hopes of curbing copyright violations regarding its Official Marks, LegalWeek.com said.

Read more at http://www.lawyerherald.com/articles/5803/20140612/fifa-releases-manual-on-intellectual-property-to-ward-off-copyright-infringers.htm



Tobacco Companies Fight Irish Plain Packaging Proposal

Ireland has become the first European Union member state to introduce plain-packaging legislation for tobacco products, but not without pushback from tobacco companies, The Irish Times reports.




Intellectual property and counterfeiting in Thailand

Whether you know it or not, a day spent in Bangkok will almost certainly involve exposure to intellectual property rights violations and counterfeit goods.  In addition to the ubiquitous knock-off designer handbags, there are pirated music CDs, counterfeit clothes, accessories and electronics, pirated operating systems for computers, pirated movies streaming 24/7 and even fraudulent vehicles, international driving licences, diplomas, pharmaceutical products, food and passports. That last issue gained prominence with the discovery of two passengers travelling on fake passports on the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370. Over the course of the next few articles, we will outline the various laws that are in place to protect intellectual property rights and reduce counterfeiting here in Thailand.




Morningstar goes to trial in intellectual property lawsuit

A trial is scheduled to start July 7 in Chicago to determine if investment research firm Morningstar Inc. illegally replicated software owned by Business Logic Corp.




A new Intellectual Property Act in the UK makes changes in particular to UK design and patent law

The main purpose of the UK Intellectual Property Act 2014, which has now received Royal Assent, is to modernise certain aspects of intellectual property law in order to ensure that the IP system operates more efficiently and is clearer and more accessible, thus increasing legal certainty.




Microsoft tackles intellectual property protection in Africa

Technology giant Microsoft plans to tackle intellectual property (IP) protection in Africa. In a statement, Microsoft has announced its 4Afrika IP Hub website, which aims to create an intellectual property protection culture in Africa.




Material changes to the Civil Code in relation to intellectual property

In March 2014 significant changes to the Fourth Part of the Russian Civil Code (Civil Code) were approved (the Amendments) which deals with intellectual property issues. These Amendments, subject to some minor exclusions will become effective from 1 October 2014.



© 中華民國國際法學會 版權所有 ® 2014 Copyright Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law