Home 時事彙整 2014.06 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.06 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

陳伶嘉、張倍銓

國際人權法

2014.06.09

Intimidated journalists in Pakistan cannot exercise press freedom

Press freedom no longer exists in Pakistan. Journalism is under constant threat with both broadcast and newspaper journalists being intimidated into silence.

http://www.theguardian.com/media/greenslade/2014/jun/09/press-freedom-pakistan

 

2014.06.22

Libya’s detention centres accused of torturing migrants and refugees

Migrants and refugees held in government-run detention centres in Libya are being tortured and abused, according to Human Rights Watch which has taken testimonies of whippings, electric shocks, beatings, strip-searches and people being hung upside down from trees.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/22/libyas-detention-centres-accused-torturing-migrants-refugees

 

2014.06.25

The photojournalist held in an Egyptian jail for 10 months without charge

The Egyptian regime’s lack of justice was illustrated by the jailing of three innocent Al-Jazeera journalists this week.

http://www.theguardian.com/media/greenslade/2014/jun/25/egypt-journalist-safety

 

2014.06.25

Utah gay marriage ban declared unconstitutional by appeals court

A federal appeals court issued a historic ruling on Wednesday, finding for the first time that same-sex marriage is constitutionally protected in a decision that is expected to bring the issue closer to the US supreme court.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/25/utah-gay-marriage-ban-unconstitutional

 

2014.06.25

Nigerian man is locked up after saying he is an atheist

A Nigerian man has been incarcerated in a mental health institution by his family after saying he had lost his belief in God.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/25/nigerian-man-locked-up-atheist

 

2014.06.27

Cutting off water to Detroit’s poor ‘an affront to human rights,’ says UN

Residents of Detroit, Michigan who are $150 or two months past-due on their water bills are having their water shut off by the bankrupt city. Now, even the United Nations has stepped in, saying Detroit is in violation of the human right to water.

http://rt.com/usa/168992-united-nations-detroit-water-cutoff/

 

2014.06.29

Pakistan woman and husband killed by family over unapproved marriage

A 17-year-old woman and her husband were killed by her family for marrying without its consent, and another young woman was burned alive by a man for refusing his marriage proposal in Pakistan’s eastern Punjab province, police have reported.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/29/pakistan-woman-husband-killed-by-family-unapproved-marriage

 

2014.06.30

Russia: Anti-LGBT Law a Tool for Discrimination

Russia’s anti-gay “propaganda” law has served as a tool for anti-gay discrimination in the year since it entered into force, even though Russian authorities have fined only four people for violating it. The law’s adoption also coincided with the spread of violence and harassment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people and LGBT rights activists and a rise in homophobic hate speech by some Russian officials and public figures, Human Rights Watch research found.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/06/29/russia-anti-lgbt-law-tool-discrimination

 

國際人道法

2014.06.12

Ukraine’s humanitarian crisis worsens as tens of thousands flee combat in east

Fighting between Ukrainian government troops and pro-Russian militia is fuelling a worsening humanitarian crisis in eastern Ukraine. Tens of thousands of people are fleeing combat, most of them from the rebel capital of Slavyansk, where almost daily shelling has claimed numerous civilian casualties since late May.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/12/ukraine-humanitarian-crisis-tens-of-thousands-flee

 

2014.06.19

Killing of Palestinian Children By Israeli Occupation Soldiers Apparent War Crime

Video footage, photographs, witness statements, and medical records indicate that two 17-year-old boys whom Israeli forces shot and killed on May 15, 2014 posed no imminent threat to the forces at the time, Human Rights Watch said today. The boys, who had been participating in a demonstration in the West Bank, were apparently shot with live ammunition, Human Rights Watch said.

http://www.aljazeerah.info/Opinion%20Editorials/2014/June/19%20o/Killing%20of%20Palestinian%20Children%20By%20Israeli%20Occupation%20Soldiers%20Apparent%20War%20Crime,%20a%20Human%20Rights%20Watch%20Report.htm

 

2014.06.20

ISIS Attacks on Civilians Could Amount to War Crimes: UN

Attacks on Iraqi civilians by terrorist and armed groups like ISIS could amount to war crimes and protection of civilians should be the primary focus of any strategy to address the crisis in that country, special advisors to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon have said.

http://www.outlookindia.com/news/article/ISIS-Attacks-on-Civilians-Could-Amount-to-War-Crimes-UN/845550

 

2014.06.22

Witnesses claim genocide in Attagara amid Boko Haram chaos

An on the spot investigation by our correspondent suggests that the current situation in some parts of Borno State may amount to genocide. Although the focus has been on the bombings and kidnappings as well as the potential human rights violations and crimes against humanity, nobody has been bold enough to call the situation there an outright massacre.

http://businessdayonline.com/2014/06/witnesses-claim-genocide-in-attagara-amid-boko-haram-chaos/

 

2014.06.23

Teens Abductions; Palestinians vs Israelis

For the last ten days Israeli propaganda had deafened our ears and blinded our eyes with their exaggerated alleged grievances about three supposed-to-be innocent Israeli teens, who allegedly had been abducted by Palestinians, namely Hamas, in their attempt to justify an Israeli terror campaign of mass abductions of Palestinian children, youth and officials to derail the formation of the newly Hamas/Fatah technocratic government.

http://mwcnews.net/focus/editorial/42260-teens-abductions.html

 

2014.06.23

Report: Syria rebels send children into war

Syrian rebels have recruited teenagers as young as 15 to fight in the country’s civil war, according to a rights group.

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/middleeast/2014/06/use-child-soldiers-syria-condemned-20146237583974800.html

 

2014.06.24

Shiite villagers describe ‘massacre’ in Iraq

The villagers lowered 15 bodies into a mass grave on Monday. Two of the dead were young girls. The rest were men. All had been executed at point-blank range by al-Qaeda-inspired rebels and their allies, during what witnesses say was an attack aimed at destroying four Shiite Turkmen communities.

http://www.stuff.co.nz/world/middle-east/10194080/Shiite-villagers-describe-massacre-in-Iraq

 

2014.06.25

Sudan Bombing of Civilians May Be War Crime, Amnesty Says

Sudan’s army may have committed a war crime in Southern Kordofan state by carrying out indiscriminate air strikes on civilians during its campaign against rebels, Amnesty International said.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-06-25/sudan-bombing-of-civilians-may-amount-to-war-crime-amnesty-says.html

 

2014.06.26

Syrian warplanes reportedly strike in Iraq, killing 57 civilians

Reports that Syrian warplanes carried out a cross-border attack on Iraqi towns this week is further evidence of the blurring between the two countries’ borders as they face an offensive by Islamic extremists.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/06/25/world/meast/iraq-crisis/index.html

 

2014.06.30

Rights Organization: ISIL Terrorists Using Children as Human Shields in Nineveh

The Iraqi Rights Organization said the terrorists of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant are using children as human shields to avoid being targeted by the Iraqi security forces in Nineveh province.

http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13930409000403

 

國際環境法

2014.06.16

基改作物 歐盟會員國自行決定

經過4年的爭論不休,歐洲聯盟28個會員國的環保部部長終於在盧森堡達成共識,未來將由各會員國自行決定是否禁止栽種基因改造作物。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100073

 

2014.06.16

「G77+中國」峰會閉幕 宣誓反貧窮 抗氣候變遷

聯合國秘書長潘基文15日在玻利維亞聖塔克魯茲高峰會上,向開發中國家「77國集團」(G77)和中國表示:「數十億貧窮人口和地球的未來,端看我們的努力成功與否。」潘基文強調,2015年後的目標必須在人類和地球的需求間達成平衡,呼籲全球超過130國的領袖和政府代表,以行動對抗氣候變遷和自然資源的非永續利用。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100177

 

2014.06.17

Japan kills 30 minke whales in first hunt since UN court order

Japan has killed 30 minke whales off its north-east coast, in the first hunt since the UN’s top court ordered Tokyo to stop killing the animals in the Antarctic, the government said.

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/jun/17/japan-kills-minke-whale-hunt-un-court-order-antarctic

 

2014.06.17

能源白皮書通過 日本將重啟核電

日本政府17日在內閣會議上今通過《能源白皮書》,載明若被認定符合管控標準,便將重啟核電。日媒《共同網》指出,白皮書的能源基本計劃明白寫出,核電是為能源供求結構穩定作出貢獻的重要電源,白皮書指出,核電站停運後,使日本對燃料依賴度提升到88%,超過1973年第一次石油危機時的80%

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100143

 

2014.06.21

前挪威總理布倫特蘭 獲頒唐獎首屆永續發展獎

有「東方諾貝爾獎」之譽、由潤泰集團總裁尹衍樑效法諾貝爾獎設立的唐獎,18日上午公布第一屆永續發展獎的得主,前挪威總理、曾任聯合國世界環境與發展委員會主席、世界衛生組織主席的格羅‧哈萊姆‧布倫特蘭(Gro Harlem Brundtland),在上百名入選的競爭者中脫穎而出。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100184

 

2014.06.25

菲律賓要求美國賠償損壞珊瑚礁

菲律賓就美國在一年半前損毀一處受國際保護的珊瑚礁一事,要求美國提供超過100萬美元的賠償。這處群礁位於蘇祿海,在菲律賓和中國以及其他四國有爭議海域的另一側。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100299

 

2014.06.25

國際海洋峰會推動國家注資保護海洋

來自80多個國家的企業、政府、學術機構以及非政府組織領導人近日齊聚「我們的海洋」2014國際大會,就如何協調經濟發展和海洋保護展開了討論。會議提倡,力爭在2020年以前通過一系列措施結束對海洋魚類的過度捕撈。這些措施包括,增加捕撈權分配的透明度,針對非法漁業活動實施更嚴格的立法和處罰,清理捕魚船隊過剩的運力,以及盡可能避免捕捉到其它受保護動物。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100311

 

2014.06.28

東非三國發起打擊非法木材貿易新倡議

據聯合國電臺報導,來自肯亞、烏干達和坦尚尼亞3國的政府高級官員,6月26日在首屆聯合國環境大會的部長級會議上,宣佈發起非法木材貿易和降排加(REDD+)東非倡議。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/100364

 

武裝衝突

2014.06.05

23 killed in clashes in Iraqi city of Samarra, health officials say

Gunmen attacked several security checkpoints in the Iraqi city of Samarra on Thursday morning, sparking hours of deadly fighting with Iraqi security forces, police officials in Samarra said.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/06/05/world/meast/iraq-violence/index.html

 

2014.06.07

Five Bomb Cars Killed 21 in Iraq

Five car bombs exploded Saturday evening in several Baghdad neighborhoods, killing at least 21 people and wounding 53 others, police officials in Baghdad told CNN.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/06/07/world/meast/iraq-violence/index.html

 

2014.06.22

Attack from Syria kills Israeli teen; Israeli military kills two Palestinians

Israel came under attack Sunday on two fronts, according to the Israeli military. In an incident near the Israeli-Syrian border, a 15-year-old Israeli civilian was killed and two others were injured, the Israeli military said.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/06/22/world/meast/israel-palestinians-killed/index.html

 

2014.06.23

Israel launches air strikes on Syria over teen death

Israeli warplanes struck nine Syrian army positions on the Golan Heights overnight after a Syrian missile killed a teenager on the Israeli-held side of the plateau, the army said on Monday.

http://www.thenational.ae/world/middle-east/israel-launches-air-strikes-on-syria-over-teen-death

 

2014.06.27

Israeli airstrike kills 2 in Gaza City, Palestinian sources say

An Israeli airstrike killed two men in Gaza City on Friday afternoon, Palestinian medical sources said — an attack that the Israeli military says targeted people involved in recent rocket attacks against Israel.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/06/27/world/meast/gaza-israeli-tank-fire/index.html

 

國際海洋法

2014.06.12

Cabo Verde presents request from seven countries to extend continental shelf to UN

Cabo Verde (Cape Verde) is set to hand in a request to the United Nations (UN) along with six other West African countries to extend their continental shelves beyond 200 nautical miles, according to the final statement of a ministerial meeting held Wednesday in Praia.

http://www.macauhub.com.mo/en/2014/06/12/cabo-verde-presents-request-from-seven-countries-to-extend-continental-shelf-to-un/

 

2014.06.20

China Moves Second Oil Rig Into Vietnam’s Exclusive Economic Zone

On Thursday, China said that it would move a second oil rig into the waters off Vietnam’s coast, where the two countries have been engaged in a protracted dispute since early May. China’s Maritime Safety Administration (MSA) posted a notice on its website stating that this new rig will be installed between June 18 and 20. Its final location will be at 17°14.1′ North latitude and 109°31′ East longitude off the coast of Vietnam.

http://thediplomat.com/2014/06/china-moves-second-oil-rig-into-vietnams-exclusive-economic-zone/

 

2014.06.22

China’s refusal to join arbitration a serious violation of Unclos

China’s snub of the Philippine arbitral claim on the West Philippine Sea and the slew of building projects initiated by Beijing on disputed reefs in the area are “a serious and belligerent violation” of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (Unclos), a Filipino lawyer and international legal expert told a conference in Tokyo last week.

http://globalnation.inquirer.net/106905/chinas-refusal-to-join-arbitration-a-serious-violation-of-unclos

 

2014.06.27

China boat sinks in waters north of islets disputed with Japan

Five Chinese fishermen are missing after a trawler sank on Friday in waters to the north of islands disputed with Japan in the East China Sea in what appeared to be an accident, state media said.

https://news.yahoo.com/chinese-boat-sinks-waters-close-islets-disputed-japan-085326141.html

 

2014.06.30

Filipino, US troops hold drills near disputed sea

More than 100 Filipino and U.S. marines in assault amphibious vehicles conducted a mock assault on imaginary enemies in military drills Monday on a beach in northwestern Philippines facing the South China Sea, where Manila is locked in a territorial dispute with China

http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/06/30/filipino-us-troops-hold-drills-near-disputed-sea.html

 

2014.06.30

Chinese increased borders

The People’s Republic of China has now increasingly articulated a reverse-logic rationale for its territorial aggression on the South China Sea, including the West Philippine Sea. In a clear political move, it recently authorized the release of an official map that delineated the Chinese borders including a new “10-dash line.” The latter covers a much wider swath of maritime seas compared to the former “9-dash line” and the “11-dash line” it formerly published.

https://ph.news.yahoo.com/blogs/parallaxis/chinese-increased-borders-085153863.html

 

國際貿易法

2014.06.11

EU Biodiesel Duties Spark A 2nd WTO Challenge

Indonesia’s foreign ministry on Wednesday challenged the European Union’s anti-dumping duties on biodiesel imports at the World Trade Organization, joining Argentina as the second country to challenge the duties, which allegedly flout global trade rules.

http://www.law360.com/articles/546958/eu-biodiesel-duties-spark-a-2nd-wto-challenge

 

2014.06.19

WTO agreement to hinder ban on flat shoes, gumshoes and stiletto heels

The Eurasian Economic Commission will consider a petition to include new orthopedic requirements for shoes in the technical regulations of the Customs Union. The commission, however, doubts the decision will be positive due to existing WTO regulations, a source in the EEC told RIA Novosti.

http://rapsinews.com/news/20140619/271557081.html

 

2014.06.20

Russia brings WTO complaint over ‘illegal’ US sanctions – Medvedev

Moscow intends to present a complaint to the World Trade Organization (WTO) claiming ‘politically motivated’ US sanctions that target local companies are hurting Russian external trade and violate WTO rules, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said on Friday.

http://rt.com/business/167352-russia-sanctions-illegal-wto/

 

2014.06.21

U.S. prevails in WTO dispute with China over “retaliatory” AD/CVD duties on U.S. autos

On May 23, 2014, a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement panel issued its report, finding that China’s imposition of antidumping (AD) and countervailing (CVD) duties on certain U.S. automobiles violated numerous procedural and substantive obligations under the WTO’s Antidumping Agreement and Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures.

http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=d4abdcce-173d-4755-8bc4-2af766a223e8

 

2014.06.23

WTO extends PHL tariff restrictions on rice, says Agri chief Alcala

The World Trade Organization Committee on Trade in Goods (WTO-CTG) has granted a Philippine petition for protective measures by keeping the high duties on imported rice under the minimum access volume at 40 percent and incoming shipments of the commodity at 50 percent outside the MAV, the Department of Agriculture said Monday.

http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/366891/economy/agricultureandmining/wto-extends-phl-tariff-restrictions-on-rice-says-agri-chief-alcala

 

2014.06.27

Taiwan complains to WTO over Canada

Taiwan has launched a WTO challenge to Canada over duties on steel which Ottawa claims is being dumped on its market, sources said yesterday.

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/biz/archives/2014/06/27/2003593742

 

2014.06.27

EU files WTO complaint over Russian pork embargo

The European Union has filed a formal complaint against Russia at the WTO over Moscow’s embargo on pork from the bloc, trade sources said Friday.

http://www.expatica.com/ch/news/swiss-news/eu-files-wto-complaint-over-russian-pork-embargo_296053.html

 

國際智慧財產權法

2014.06.04

NewPoint Media Seeks Declaration of Non-Infringement of Easy IP Patent and Copyrights Covering Custom Advertisement Creation

NewPoint Media Group, LLC (“NewPoint Media”), filed a complaint in the Northern District of Georgia seeking a declaratory judgment against Easy Intellectual Property Licenses, LLC (“Easy IP”) declaring that NewPoint Media does not infringe software electronic advertising copyrights of Easy IP or U.S. Patent No. 8,234,174, which published on July 31, 2012 (the ‘174 Patent).

http://georgiaiplit.blogspot.tw/2014/06/newpoint-media-seeks-declaration-of-non.html

 

2014.06.12

FIFA releases manual on intellectual property to ward off copyright infringers

As anticipation builds up leading to the opening day of the 2014 World Cup of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, the global football body has released a manual focusing on the intellectual property-related aspects of one of the biggest sporting events in the world. Sensing the enterprising ingenuity of several common folk and businesses, FIFA has published the manual in the hopes of curbing copyright violations regarding its Official Marks, LegalWeek.com said.

Read more at http://www.lawyerherald.com/articles/5803/20140612/fifa-releases-manual-on-intellectual-property-to-ward-off-copyright-infringers.htm

 

2014.06.12

Tobacco Companies Fight Irish Plain Packaging Proposal

Ireland has become the first European Union member state to introduce plain-packaging legislation for tobacco products, but not without pushback from tobacco companies, The Irish Times reports.

http://dailycaller.com/2014/06/12/tobacco-companies-fight-irish-plain-packaging-proposal/

 

2014.06.15

Intellectual property and counterfeiting in Thailand

Whether you know it or not, a day spent in Bangkok will almost certainly involve exposure to intellectual property rights violations and counterfeit goods.  In addition to the ubiquitous knock-off designer handbags, there are pirated music CDs, counterfeit clothes, accessories and electronics, pirated operating systems for computers, pirated movies streaming 24/7 and even fraudulent vehicles, international driving licences, diplomas, pharmaceutical products, food and passports. That last issue gained prominence with the discovery of two passengers travelling on fake passports on the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370. Over the course of the next few articles, we will outline the various laws that are in place to protect intellectual property rights and reduce counterfeiting here in Thailand.

http://www.bangkokpost.com/news/investigation/415366/intellectual-property-and-counterfeiting-in-thailand

 

2014.06.24

Morningstar goes to trial in intellectual property lawsuit

A trial is scheduled to start July 7 in Chicago to determine if investment research firm Morningstar Inc. illegally replicated software owned by Business Logic Corp.

http://www.investmentnews.com/article/20140624/FREE/140629963

 

2014.06.27

A new Intellectual Property Act in the UK makes changes in particular to UK design and patent law

The main purpose of the UK Intellectual Property Act 2014, which has now received Royal Assent, is to modernise certain aspects of intellectual property law in order to ensure that the IP system operates more efficiently and is clearer and more accessible, thus increasing legal certainty.

https://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=ef7a48fa-cb1b-438e-9889-b9e12233f7fe

 

2014.06.27

Microsoft tackles intellectual property protection in Africa

Technology giant Microsoft plans to tackle intellectual property (IP) protection in Africa. In a statement, Microsoft has announced its 4Afrika IP Hub website, which aims to create an intellectual property protection culture in Africa.

http://www.itwebafrica.com/business-intelligence/500-kenya/233129-microsoft-tackles-intellectual-property-protection-in-africa

 

2014.06.27

Material changes to the Civil Code in relation to intellectual property

In March 2014 significant changes to the Fourth Part of the Russian Civil Code (Civil Code) were approved (the Amendments) which deals with intellectual property issues. These Amendments, subject to some minor exclusions will become effective from 1 October 2014.

http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=f2a09644-30c8-4bea-9431-650514b2aed2

 

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