Home 時事彙整 2014.05 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.05 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

張倍銓、李維崧、賴育佑、張雅筑、連建成、沈秉怡、吳思亞、居安

 

國際人權法

2014.05.06

Yemen law on child brides and FGM offers hope of wider progress

Yemen is poised to vote on a comprehensive Child Rights Act over the coming months, which would ban child marriage and female genital mutilation.

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/poverty-matters/2014/may/06/yemen-child-brides-fgm-rights-act-law

 

2014.05.10

Iranian man challenges legality of detention on Manus Island

Papua New Guinea did not have a legal framework for refugees, nor was it fully committed to the United Nations refugee convention when Australia approved Manus Island for offshore processing, the High Court has been told.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/10/iranian-man-challenges-legality-of-detention-on-manus-island

 

2014.05.20

US sanctions 12 Russians tied to Sergei Magnitsky death case                

The Northern Ireland Assembly has rejected a motion calling for the introduction of same-sex marriage during a debate at Stormont. A total of 51 assembly members (MLAs) voted against the Sinn Féin motion, while 43 MLAs voted in favour.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/20/us-sanctions-russians-sergei-magnitsky-death

 

2014.05.22

America’s Guantánamo hostages

On 23 May 2013, President Barack Obama made the last major speech in which he again pledged to close Guantánamo Bay. His many pledges on the matter remain purely rhetorical.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/22/america-obama-guantanamo-bay

 

2014.05.25

Sudan faces mounting condemnation over pregnant woman’s death sentence

Sudan is facing mounting condemnation for sentencing a pregnant woman to be whipped and then hanged for adultery and apostasy, and for keeping her shackled in prison with her toddler son a month before she is due to give birth.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/may/25/sudan-pregnant-woman-death-sentence-meriam-yahya-ibrahim-toddler

 

國際人道法

2014.05.08

EU’s Georgieva sees genocide risk in Central African Republic

The conflict in the Central African Republic could slide into genocide if the international community fails to act. It is the first time that a top EU official has publicly raised the possibility that such killing could take place in the CAR.

http://www.euronews.com/2014/05/08/fears-grow-that-conflict-in-the-central-african-republic-could-turn-into-/

 

2014.05.10

South Sudan Leaders Sign Accord to End 5-Month Conflict

South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar signed a peace accord that seeks to end more than five months of fighting, as they met for the first time since the clashes began.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-05-09/south-sudan-leaders-sign-accord-to-end-5-month-conflict.html

 

2014.05.21

Syria crisis: Red Cross delivers food aid to Aleppo

The Syrian province of Aleppo is getting its first food aid for months, with rations delivered to 60,000 people in rebel- and government-held areas.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27513314

 

2014.05.22

Russia and China veto UN move to refer Syria to ICC

Russia and China have vetoed a UN Security Council resolution that would have referred the conflict in Syria to the International Criminal Court (ICC).

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27514256

 

2014.05.28

伊拉克衝突升溫 無差別攻擊醫院

伊拉克政府與反政府武裝組織今年年初以來衝突不斷,而美國以反恐為名,在背後資助伊國政府軍火武器。人權觀察組織27日報告指出,政府軍為了殲滅敵方,違反戰爭法「無差別攻擊」平民與醫院,因此大力抨擊伊、美政府。

http://udn.com/NEWS/BREAKINGNEWS/BREAKINGNEWS5/8706531.shtml?ch=rss_BREAKINGNEWS4

 

2014.05.30

S. Sudan refugees continue to stream into Ethiopia despite truce

Despite an agreement to implement a ceasefire recently signed in Addis Ababa between the two SPLM rival leaders, South Sudanese have continued to cross borders to Ethiopia in large numbers

http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article51176

 

國際武裝衝突

2014.05.15

Fighting rages in Kramatorsk as rebels clash with Ukraine troops

Fierce fighting between Ukraine government troops and rebels is continuing. In the cities of Kramatorsk and Slovyansk up to a dozen militia are said to have been killed with several soldiers reportedly wounded since 13 May.

http://www.euronews.com/2014/05/15/fighting-rages-in-kramatorsk-as-rebels-clash-with-ukraine-troops/

 

2014.05.23

5 suspected NPA insurgents killed in Sorsogon clash — military

At least five suspected members of the New People’s Army were killed in a predawn Friday encounter with soldiers in Sorsogon province, a military official said.

http://www.gmanetwork.com/news/story/362333/news/regions/5-suspected-npa-insurgents-killed-in-sorsogon-clash-military

 

2014.05.27

Congo: U.N. Protests Expulsions

United Nations officials on Monday demanded a halt to the expulsion of tens of thousands of citizens of the Democratic Republic of Congo from the neighboring Congo Republic and called for an investigation into allegations of human rights violations.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/27/world/africa/congo-un-protests-expulsions.html?_r=0

 

2014.05.27

Ukraine: Fierce fighting closes Donetsk airport, claims dozens of lives

A battle between pro-Russia separatists and government forces at Donetsk airport in eastern Ukraine has claimed 40 lives, authorities said Tuesday, in what is the deadliest outbreak of violence yet in the flashpoint city.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/05/27/world/europe/ukraine-crisis/

 

2014.05.30

Central African Republic: Security Council condemns latest wave of violence

Strongly condemning the latest wave of fighting in the Central African Republic, including Wednesday’s deadly attack in the capital, Bangui, on a church that was sheltering thousands of people, the United Nations Security Council today demanded that all armed groups put aside their weapons and take immediate steps “to end the cycle of violence and retaliation.”

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=47928#.U5X6CvmSySp

 

國際經貿法

2014.05.01

Russia to file WTO lawsuit against EU energy laws

Russia is to file its second formal complaint against the EU with the World Trade Organisation (WTO) over the EU’s so-called ‘Third Energy Package,’ according to reports on Wednesday (30 April).

http://euobserver.com/news/123984

 

2014.05.02

India threatens to drag European Union to WTO over mango ban

Talking tough, India today threatened to drag the European Union to the World Trade Organization if the 28-nation bloc did not lift its ban on the import of Indian mangoes and vegetables.

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/India-threatens-to-drag-European-Union-to-WTO-over-mango-ban/articleshow/34539881.cms

 

2014.05.06

Panel Appointed For WTO Mega-Case On Australia Tobacco Packaging

World Trade Organization Director General Roberto Azevêdo yesterday appointed three panellists to examine the dispute against an Australian public health measure requiring tobacco products to be sold in plain packaging in the country. A decision in the case will be forthcoming in six months.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/05/06/panel-appointed-for-wto-mega-case-on-australia-tobacco-packaging/

 

2014.05.22

EU seal product ban upheld in WTO appeal

Canada has lost its bid to have a European Union ban on seal products overturned, with the World Trade Organization’s appeals process upholding a EU decision that connected the trade ban to moral objections against the seal hunt.

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/newfoundland-labrador/eu-seal-product-ban-upheld-in-wto-appeal-1.2650791

 

2014.05.23

US wins WTO luxury car ruling against China

The US has won a World Trade Organisation (WTO) ruling against China in a dispute over tariffs on US luxury cars.

http://www.bbc.com/news/business-27542997

 

國際海洋法

2014.05.14

Philippines Accuses China of Illegal Work on Disputed Spratly Islands

MANILA–China is undertaking illegal land reclamation in the disputed Spratly Islands in violation of a longstanding pledge not to build on any of the South China Sea’s contested islands, the Philippines claimed on Wednesday.

http://online.wsj.com/article/BT-CO-20140514-703177.html

 

2014.05.21

South Korean navy fires warning shots as Kim Jong-Un’s boats cross into their territorial waters

South Korea’s navy has fired warning shots after three North Korean patrol boats crossed the maritime border into its territory, it was revealed today.

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2635164/South-Korean-navy-fires-warning-shots-Kim-Jong-Uns-boats-cross-territorial-waters.html

 

2014.05.24

解決領海爭議 菲、印尼簽協定

南海領土爭議升高之際,菲律賓和印尼兩國外長,23日在菲國總統府馬拉坎南宮,簽署《菲律賓共和國政府和印尼共和國政府有關專屬經濟區畫界協定》,解決雙方20年來的領海重疊爭議,菲律賓總統艾奎諾三世和印尼總統尤多約諾,也都在場見證這歷史性的一刻。

http://www.chinatimes.com/newspapers/20140524000905-260108

 

2014.05.24

ONGC Videsh, Rosneft sign MoU on exploration on Russian continental shelf

The public sector ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) and Rosneft today signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for cooperation in exploration, appraisal and hydrocarbon production on the continental shelf of Russia.

http://netindian.in/news/2014/05/24/00029201/ongc-videsh-rosneft-sign-mou-exploration-russian-continental-shelf

 

2014.05.27

Russia to send application to UN to expand Arctic shelf

According to the ministry, Minister Sergey Donskoy took part in the international conference “Geological Evolution of the Arctic Basin Structure” and spoke about the results of Russian geological, geophysical and bathymetric research in the Arctic Ocean. This information enabled Russian experts to reinforce their evidential base about the continental nature of the Earth’s crust in the region of the Arctic seas and draw up an updated version of an application to the UN Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf.

http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2014_05_27/Russia-to-send-application-to-UN-to-expand-Arctic-shelf-9079/

 

2014.05.27

China moves illegal oil rig to new area, still in Vietnam’s waters

China on Tuesday morning moved its illegal oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 in the Vietnamese waters to a new location,  according to Xinhua News Agency.

http://tuoitrenews.vn/society/19907/china-moves-illegal-oil-rig-to-new-area-still-in-vietnams-waters

 

國際環境法

2014.05.10

中國肯尼亞簽署貿易和生態保護協議

中國總理李克強於5月10日與肯亞簽署了17項貿易和自然生態保護協議,包括電力、農業、教育、林業、環保、文化等領域。其中,中國承諾將提供肯亞經濟合作無息和低息貸款,協助建置鐵路網,並提供資金進行野生動物保護工作。

http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/world/2014/05/140510_china_africa_kenya.shtml

 

2014.05.14

歐盟提案全面禁用流刺網 有望明年實施

由於雖已有禁用流刺網捕撈洄游魚類的規定,但因流刺網常捕捉到受歐盟保護的生物,且仍有許多法律漏洞,法規並未被徹底遵守。歐盟執委會提議全面禁止在歐盟水域使用流刺網,並對流刺網作出詳細的定義。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/99363

 

2014.05.14

聯合國毒品與犯罪部門重申打擊野生動植物犯罪

聯合國毒品和犯罪問題辦公室表示,非法野生動植物貿易需被世界各地確認為是一項嚴重的跨國有組織犯罪,並有效立法,加強司法懲戒體系。目前辦公室正與各國政府以及「打擊野生動植物犯罪國際聯盟」等團體加強合作,亦即將啟動「打擊野生動植物和森林犯罪全球行動」。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/99324

 

2014.05.18

減少浪費 歐盟或廢除食用日期標籤

據統計每年有百萬噸的食物因超過了「此日期前最佳」的期限而被丟棄,荷蘭和瑞典農業部長要求歐盟廢除有關標籤,容許無需標籤警告的食品獲豁免,以減少食物的浪費。對此,奧地利、丹麥、德國和盧森堡均表示支持,英國食物標準局則反對。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/99390

 

2014.05.20

太平洋黑鮪回復無望 國際機關要求減漁量

中西太平洋漁業委員會去年做出決議,世界各國2014年針對未成熟黑鮪魚的漁獲量,應較2002-2004年的實際捕獲量減少15%以上。但北太平洋鮪類國際科學委員會(ISC) 指出,黑鮪魚的生態維持在過去最低水準的狀態,依此管制標準,黑鮪魚將無可復育至原生態群數量,有必要進一步削減漁獲量。

http://newtalk.tw/news/2014/05/20/47444.html

 

2014.05.30

The Climate Post: Upcoming EPA Power Plant Rule Stirs Speculation

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is just days away from the release of its first-ever proposed rule regulating greenhouse gas emissions from existing power plants. The rule will push states to cut pollution primarily from coal-fired generators. As many await details of the rule, The New York Times reports that sources familiar with proposal suggest that it will call for a 20 percent reduction.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tim-profeta/the-climate-post-upcoming_b_5418668.html

 

國際智慧財產權

2014.05.02

Samsung ordered to pay Apple $119.6m

A jury in California delivered its verdict in a federal court in San Jose on Friday in the latest lawsuit involving the two tech giants. Apple had sought $2bn at the trial, accusing Samsung of violating patents on smart phone features. The court also ruled that Apple infringed Samsung’s patents and awarded $158,000 in damages.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-27265633

 

2014.05.09

California Fake-Goods Importers Sentenced to Prison

Kevin “Peter” Wang, of Rosemead, California, was sentenced to 31 months in prison for coordinating the importation of 11 containers of fake clothing, including counterfeit Nike, Gucci and Coach Products, valued at more than $2.3 million, the government said.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-05-09/dolly-s-clones-gazal-primecaremedical-intellectual-property.html

 

2014.05.17

Apple Agrees With Google to Drop Smartphone Patent Suits

The two Silicon Valley technology giants said they are dropping lawsuits against one another and will work together to reform patent law. The suits to be dismissed involve patent disputes regarding Google’s Motorola Mobility handset unit.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-05-16/apple-google-agree-to-dismiss-lawsuits.html

 

2014.05.20

US High Court Opens Door to More Copyright Suits

Music, movie, and television companies suffered a major defeat on 19 May, when the United States Supreme Court issued its decision in Petrella v. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The ruling will lead to a flood of new copyright infringement suits against these content companies, according to many experts. And content companies may not be the only losers.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/05/20/us-high-court-opens-door-to-more-and-older-copyright-suits/

 

2014.05.28

Harmonizing Protection Of Black And White Trademarks In The EU

The intellectual property offices of the European Union, in their commitment to harmonise practices, recently published a Common Communication establishing a common practice on the scope of protection given to black and white trademarks in the EU.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/05/28/harmonising-protection-of-black-and-white-trademarks-in-the-eu/

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