Home 時事彙整 2014.03 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.03 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

張倍銓、李維崧、賴育佑、張雅筑、連建成、沈秉怡、吳思亞、居安

 

國際人權法

2014.03.03

Iran sentences student activist to seven years in prison for “peaceful protest”

An Iranian court has sentenced a leading student activist and human rights campaigner to seven years in prison for peaceful political activism.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2014/mar/03/iran-sentences-student-activist-seven-years-prison-maryam-shafipour

 

2014.03.05

Report reveals “extensive” violence against women in EU

Violence against women is “an extensive human rights abuse” across Europe with one in three women reporting some form of physical or sexual abuse since the age of 15 and 8% suffering abuse in the last 12 months, according to the largest survey of its kind on the issue, published on Wednesday.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/05/violence-against-women-eu

 

2014.03.13

China arrests citizen journalists for reporting Tiananmen “self-immolation”

Chinese authorities have detained the director of a human rights website and three citizen journalists, one of them 17 years old, for reporting two recent “incidents” in Tiananmen Square, including an apparent self-immolation.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/13/china-arrests-citizen-journalists-reporting-tiananmen-square

 

2014.03.17

Australia asylum: PNG judge probes rights at detention camp

Papua New Guinea’s Supreme Court has begun a human rights inquiry into Australia’s immigration detention centre on Manus Island.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26575474

 

2014.03.20

Iraq child-marriage bill sparks outrage among human rights groups

The law, which was approved by Iraq’s council of ministers two weeks ago, has generated widespread debate in Iraq six weeks before the first national poll since US forces departed. International human rights groups have described it as a disastrous regression in the status of women.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/20/iraq-child-marriage-bill-human-rights

 

國際人道法

2014.03.11

Central African Republic: Seleka Fighters Attack Village

Heavily armed Seleka fighters joined by Muslim Peuhl cattle herders on February 26, 2014, carried out a deadly attack on the village of Bowai, northeast of Bossangoa, Human Rights Watch said today. The attack killed eight people, and at least 10 others – mostly young children – were wounded by gunfire. After the civilian population fled, the attackers burned many buildings in the village, in some cases trapping people in their homes prior to setting them alight.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/11/central-african-republic-seleka-fighters-attack-village

 

2014.03.14

Nigeria: Boko Haram Attacks Cause Humanitarian Crisis

Attacks since the beginning of 2014 by Boko Haram, the militant Islamist group, in over 40 villages in northeastern Nigeria, have displaced thousands of people. People forced to flee their homes are dispersed throughout Nigeria and in neighboring countries, where they face serious problems in accessing food, water, shelter, and other basic rights.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/14/nigeria-boko-haram-attacks-cause-humanitarian-crisis

 

2014.03.18

UN: Syria rebels committed mass executions of civilians

A panel of UN human rights experts announced on Tuesday a new investigative report into the Syrian conflict, describing horrific violence in Syria by rebel and government forces in recent months.   The human rights group Amnesty International has also accused its president Bashar al-Assad’s forces of committing war crimes and crimes against humanity on Palestinian and Syrian civilians in Yarmouk.

http://jurist.org/paperchase/2014/03/un-syria-rebels-committed-mass-executions-of-civilians.php

 

2014.03.20

Côte d’Ivoire: Former militia leader’s transfer to the ICC a first step to justice

A decision was taken today by Côte d’Ivoire that former militia leader Charles Blé Goudé, accused of crimes against humanity, be sent to the International Criminal Court (ICC).

https://www.amnesty.org/en/news/c-te-d-ivoire-former-militia-leader-s-transfer-icc-first-step-justice-2014-03-20

 

2014.03.21

Sudan: Renewed Attacks on Civilians in Darfur

Sudan’s government has renewed ground and air attacks on civilians in villages in Darfur, Human Rights Watch said today. The government has also cracked down on students in Khartoum peacefully protesting the violence in Darfur, resulting in the death of one and the detention of many protesters and activists.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/21/sudan-renewed-attacks-civilians-darfur

 

2014.03.21

HRW: Illegal armed groups force residents to flee Colombia city

Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a report on Friday stating that illegal armed groups have caused hundreds of people to flee Colombia’s main Pacific port of Buenaventura in the past two years.

http://jurist.org/paperchase/2014/03/hrw-illegal-armed-groups-force-inhabitants-to-flee-buenaventura-columbia.php#.U10R2_mSyT8

 

2014.03.31

UN rights body votes to investigate Sri Lanka war crimes

The UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) on Thursday voted to launch an investigation into alleged human rights violations during Sri Lanka’s civil war.

http://jurist.org/paperchase/2014/03/un-rights-body-votes-to-investigate-sri-lanka-war-crimes.php#.U10T5PmSyT8

 

國際武裝衝突

2014.03.12

Israel fires on 29 “terror sites” after rockets from Gaza hit populated areas

Israel responded with heavy fire after five rockets from Gaza landed Wednesday in populated areas of southern Israel, marking “the most substantial attack” in two years against the country, the Israeli military said.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/12/world/meast/gaza-israel-violence/index.html

 

2014.03.14

Crimea: Attacks, “Disappearances” by Illegal Forces

Self-defense units and paramilitary forces in Crimea are abducting, attacking, and harassing activists and journalists.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/03/14/crimea-attacks-disappearances-illegal-forces

 

2014.03.18

Ukraine officer “killed in attack on Crimea base”

Ukraine’s military says an officer has been killed in an attack on a base in Crimea, the first such death since pro-Russia forces took control in February.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26637296

 

2014.03.19

Israel retaliates in Syria after roadside bomb attack against Israeli troops

Israel has warned Syria’s government that any aggression against Israeli citizens will be met with force, as a roadside bomb attack which injured Israeli troops prompted airstrikes on Syrian targets.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/19/world/meast/israel-syria-violence/index.html

 

2014.03.22

3 Palestinians killed in confrontation with Israeli military

Three Palestinians, including a Hamas operative, were killed and seven were injured during a confrontation with Israeli military forces in a Jenin refugee camp early Saturday, Palestinian security sources said.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/03/22/world/meast/mideast-violence/index.html

 

2014.03.28

Journalist shot dead covering clashes in Egypt

An Egyptian journalist was shot dead in Cairo today while covering deadly clashes, according to news reports. Mayada Ashraf was a reporter for the daily Al-Dustour. She had covered previous protests for the paper, the reports said.

http://cpj.org/2014/03/journalist-shot-dead-covering-clashes-in-egypt.php

 

國際經貿法

2014.03.05

EU Commission notifies WTO of eight RoHS exemptions
The European Commission has sent a notification to the World Trade Organization regarding eight exemptions for different uses of mercury and lead under the EU Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances (RoHS) in electrical and electronic equipment (EEE).

http://chemicalwatch.com/18592/eu-commission-notifies-wto-of-eight-rohs-exemptions

 

2014.03.17

Canada defends seal hunt as it asks WTO to void EU ban

Seal-hunters must have the same rights as fishermen, Canada’s Environment Minister Leonoa Aglukkaq insisted Monday, as her country battled a Brussels’ trade ban at the WTO.

http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/wto-norway-canada.ufh

 

2014.03.19

Indonesia ready to face Japan’s complaints at WTO

Indonesia is ready in the event that Japan decides to file a complaint at the World Trade Organization, with regard to the implementation of the country’s law on minerals and coal mining.

http://www.antaranews.com/en/news/93263/indonesia-ready-to-face-japans-complaints-at-wto

 

2014.03.26

WTO: China rare earth caps ‘break rules’

China’s caps on exports of rare earth elements break global trade rules, the World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled.

http://www.bbc.com/news/business-26743299

 

2014.03.26

WTO establishes panel to probe U.S. anti-dumping measures as requested by China

The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) of World Trade Organization (WTO) on Wednesday decided to form a panel of trade experts, as requested by China, to probe into United States’ certain methodologies and their application to anti-dumping proceedings involving Chinese products.

http://article.wn.com/view/2014/03/26/WTO_establishes_panel_to_probe_US_antidumping_measures_as_re/

 

2014.03.27

Indonesia to challenge Australia’s plain-packaging tobacco laws at World Trade Organisation

Indonesia has won the right to seek a ruling by the World Trade Organisation (WTO) on Australia’s tobacco plain-packaging laws.

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-03-27/new-wto-challenge-to-australia-plain-packaging-tobacco-law/5348078

 

2014.03.29

Argentina takes EU biodiesel antidumping measures to WTO

Argentina formally requested the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) the establishment of a panel to address the European Union antidumping measures against Argentine bio-diesel. The initiative was rejected by the EU this week.

http://en.mercopress.com/2014/03/29/argentina-takes-eu-biodiesel-antidumping-measures-to-wto

 

國際海洋法

2014.03.08

Coast Guard Crew Intercepts 110 Pounds of Illegally Caught Fish

A boatcrew from Coast Guard Station South Padre Island intercepted a Mexican lancha carrying approximately 110 pounds of fish illegally caught in U.S. waters, Friday.

http://www.uscgnews.com/go/doc/4007/2116038/Coast-Guard-crew-intercepts-110-pounds-of-illegally-caught-fish#sthash.f3J4c5AU.dpuf

 

2014.03.11

Philippines lodges protest over China ship blockade

The Philippines has lodged a protest with China, accusing its coastguard of preventing two civilian vessels reaching sailors on a disputed shoal.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26524388

 

2014.03.18

Nigerian Navy arrests 22 Chinese, 4 ships for ‘illegal’ entry into territorial waters

The Nigerian Navy has arrested four ships and 22 persons, suspected to be Chinese, who allegedly entered Nigeria’s territorial waters illegally.

http://www.premiumtimesng.com/news/156966-nigerian-navy-arrests-22-chinese-4-ships-illegal-entry-territorial-waters.html

 

2014.03.20

UN approves Danish Commonwealth’s continental shelf submission

The UN-run Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) in New York has approved the Commonwealth of Denmark’s submission regarding continental shelf rights limits.

http://cphpost.dk/news/un-approves-danish-commonwealths-continental-shelf-submission.8967.html

 

2014.03.27

Turkish war ship violated the greek territorial sea for 19 hours – See more at:

The Turkish corvette “Bandirma” entered the Greek territorial waters at 09:45 am on Wednesday and remained in the southeastern and central Aegean for nearly a day continuously violating the greek territorial sea.

http://www.balkaneu.com/turkish-war-ship-violated-greek-territorial-sea-19-hours/#sthash.I1J9FZoW.dpuf

 

2014.03.29

High Court set free Chinese fishermen

Two Chinese, Tsu Chin Tai and Zhao Hanqueing who were convicted of illegal fishing in the exclusive economic zone of Tanzania and sentenced to 20 years imprisonment, yesterday won their appeal at the Court of Appeal.

http://www.ippmedia.com/frontend/?l=66347

 

2014.03.31

Philippines files case to UN in South China Sea dispute

The Philippines has submitted evidence to a UN tribunal hearing its case against China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-26781682

 

2014.03.31

China rejects Philippines case on ‘nine-dash’ line

China has criticised the Philippines for forging ahead with an unprecedented international arbitration claim against Beijing over contested waters in the South China Sea.

http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/dc3896ce-b7ac-11e3-80ef-00144feabdc0.html#axzz306kowbm8

 

國際環境法

2014.03.11

歐洲議會批准塑膠袋減量 將修法實施

歐洲議會以鼓勵垃圾和輕量型(厚度50微米以下)塑膠袋的減量為目的,展開包裝廢棄物法規的修訂,並由環境、公共衛生和食品安全委員會的事前影響評估小組編撰一次性輕量型塑膠袋減量報告書。該報告書對於全歐盟28個會員國提出兩階段減量目標的建議,並由成員國自訂實施機制。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/97987

 

2014.03.16

法國因重度污染被歐洲法庭起訴或被罰1億歐元

雖然自1990年以來由於新交通方式的實施,法國的顆粒污染物排放已經減少了一半,但法國PM10污染物的濃度經常會超過歐盟制定的標準。歐洲法庭正在打算對其進行起訴,法國或將面臨1億歐元罰款。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/98040

 

2014.03.18

歐盟禁海豹產品 加拿大不服

WTO在日內瓦舉行上訴聽證會,聆聽加拿大力抗歐洲聯盟禁止海豹產品進口與買賣。WTO去年11月時裁定歐盟在2010年實施的海豹產品禁令並未違反國際貿易規定,加拿大冀望WTO能夠駁回此裁決,並表示海豹獵人有權像漁民或農民一樣,仰賴區域資源謀生。最後,基於歐盟保護海豹福利的目標,WTO決議維持原判。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/98080

 

2014.03.21

保護公海「馬尾藻海」 五國自發性簽訂公約

百慕達、英國、美國、亞速爾群島政府和摩納哥,共五國政府與五個國際組織(奧斯陸和巴黎委員會、國際海底管理局、美洲國家間保護與養育海龜公約組織、移棲物種公約組織和世界自然保育聯盟)首開先例,主動簽訂「漢彌爾頓馬尾藻海保育合作聲明」,保護全球唯一沒有海岸線,且有海上金黃熱帶雨林之稱的「馬尾藻海」海域免於汙染、船隻交通、過度捕撈和非法活動的威脅。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/98210

 

2014.03.26

《關于持久性有機污染物的斯德哥爾摩公約》修正案正式對中國生效

自2014年3月26日起,《關于持久性有機污染物的斯德哥爾摩公約》修正案對中國生效,中國將全面履行新增列持久性有機污染物的義務。中國環保部副部長翟青表示,在下階段公約履約和持久性有機污染物污染防治工作中,要以改善大氣、水、土壤環境質量,解決損害群眾健康的突出環境問題為著眼點。

http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/politics/2014-03/26/c_119961843.htm

 

2014.03.27

非法漁撈三國列黑名單 歐盟首發制裁令

歐盟28個漁業部長共同決定,由於貝里斯、柬埔寨和新幾內亞三國未能配合打擊「非法、未報告及未受規範漁業」(IUU)條款,將禁止歐盟成員國從這三國進口漁獲,歐盟漁船亦不得在這些國家的海域進行捕撈作業。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/98237

 

2014.03.31

國際法庭裁定 日本捕鯨計劃非科學目的

日本每年以科學研究為由捕殺大約一千條鯨魚。澳大利亞在2010年5月向國際法庭提起訴訟,稱日本的捕鯨項目是掩蓋下的商業捕鯨。國際法庭於3月31日最後裁決日本在南冰洋的捕鯨不是為了科學目的,日本已經表示將尊重國際法庭的裁決。

http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/world/2014/03/140331_un_japan_whaling.shtml

 

國際智慧財產權

2013.03.06

Ford Infringed Automatic Turn Signal Technology, According to Patent Lawsuit Things are heating up at Ford, where the company is facing allegations that it intentionally copied automatic turn signal technology. http://www.intellectualpropertynews.com/patent-news/ford-infringed-automatic-turn-signal-technology-according-to-patent-lawsuit/

 

2014.03.06

Apple loses bid for U.S. ban on Samsung smartphone sales

A U.S. judge on Thursday rejected Apple’s request for a permanent sales ban in the United States against some older Samsung smartphones, a key setback for the iPhone maker in its global patent battle.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/06/us-apple-samsung-injunction-idUSBREA251JM20140306

 

2014.03.14

HTC, Huawei, ZTE did not violate FlashPoint patents-U.S. panel

HTC Corp and others did not violate digital camera patents owned by Apple Inc spinoff FlashPoint Technology to make their smartphones, the U.S. International Trade Commission said on Friday.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/03/14/htc-flashpoint-itc-idUSL2N0MB1UR20140314

 

2014.03.19

Fifth meeting of the Preparatory Committee 18 March 2014

The Preparatory Committee celebrated its one-year anniversary by arranging its fifth meeting. The meeting was held in the premises of the Swedish permanent representation in Brussels and a wide variety of topics were discussed.

http://www.unified-patent-court.org/news/73-fifth-meeting-of-the-preparatory-committee-18-march-2014

 

2014.03.27

Microsoft and Dell Sign Patent Licensing Agreement

Microsoft Corp. and Dell announced a patent licensing agreement allowing the companies to share technology and build on each other’s innovations. According to Microsoft, it is the continuation of a nearly 30-year business relationship between Microsoft and Dell to deliver world-class technologies to consumers.

http://www.ag-ip-news.com/news.aspx?id=34077&lang=en

 

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