Home 時事彙整 2014.02 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.02 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

張倍銓、李維崧、賴育佑、張雅筑、連建成、沈秉怡、吳思亞

 

國際人權法

2014.02.10

Lynchings and religious violence increase in conflict-torn Central African Republic

Rwandan peace keepers have shot dead a member of a crowd that lynched two Muslims on Sunday in the capital of the Central African Republic.

http://www.euronews.com/2014/02/10/lynchings-and-religious-violence-increase-in-violence-torn-central-african-/

 

2014.02.10

Philippines Makes Tentative Truce With Islamists

After two years of intensive negotiations, the Philippine government and the country’s largest rebel group, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), have signed a final peace agreement, which paves the way for a lasting resolution of one of the world’s longest-running intra-state conflicts.

http://www.ipsnews.net/2014/02/philippines-makes-tentative-truce-islamists/

 

2014.02.11

Hundreds of Eritreans enslaved in torture camps in Sudan and Egypt

Hundreds of Eritrean refugees have been enslaved in torture camps in Sudan and Egypt in the past 10 years, enduring weeks or months of violence and rape and extorted by traffickers often in collusion with state security forces.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/11/eritreans-enslaved-traffickers-sudan-egypt-torture-camps

 

2014.02.12

Central African Republic: Muslims Forced to Flee

The minority Muslim population in the Central African Republic is being targeted in a relentless wave of coordinated violence that is forcing entire communities to leave the country, Human Rights Watch said today.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/02/12/central-african-republic-muslims-forced-flee

 

2014.02.18

A first for conservative Saudi Arabia: a female newspaper editor

Like other Saudi women, she’s not allowed to drive or move around freely. But Somayya Jabarti will soon be setting the news agenda for thousands of readers in the Middle Eastern kingdom.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/17/world/meast/saudi-arabia-female-editor/index.html

 

2014.02.19

Privacy breach puts asylum seekers ‘at risk of retribution’

Lawyers, politicians and refugee advocacy groups have expressed serious concerns that the accidental release of the personal details of almost 10,000 asylum seekers held in detention around Australia could expose them to harm if they are returned home.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/19/asylum-seekers-face-risk-retribution-after-accidental-privacy-breach

 

2014.02.24

Russia: Release Activist on Bail

Russian authorities should immediately grant bail to Roman Khabarov, a former police officer and prominent human rights defender in Voronezh.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/02/23/russia-release-activist-bail

 

2014.02.26

Qatar’s foreign domestic workers subjected to slave-like conditions

Foreign maids, cleaners and other domestic workers are being subjected to slave-like labour conditions in Qatar, with many complaining they have been deprived of passports, wages, days off, holidays and freedom to move jobs, a Guardian investigation can reveal.

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/feb/26/qatar-foreign-workers-slave-conditions

 

2014.02.27

China: Uighur Economist at Risk of Torture in Detention

The Chinese government should immediately drop all charges against the Uighur economist Ilham Tohti and release him, Human Rights Watch said today. Tohti, a professor at Beijing’s Minzu University of China and the founder of a website focusing on Uighur issues, UighurOnline, was formally arrested for “separatism” on February 25, 2014.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/02/27/china-uighur-economist-risk-torture-detention

 

國際人道法

2014.02.05

Libya destroys chemical weapons

Libya said Tuesday that its chemical weapons, including artillery shells and bombs filled with mustard gas, have been destroyed.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/04/world/africa/libya-chemical-weapons/index.html?iref=allsearch

 

2014.02.05

Child abuse on rise in war-torn Syria – UN

The UN has revealed more cases of child abuse in Syria, as rebels recruit refugee children in bordering countries and the Syrian government forces detain and torture children with rebel connections, UN chief Ban Ki-moon said.

http://rt.com/news/un-syria-child-abuse-658/

 

2014.02.13

Syria conflict: Emerging from the siege of Homs

After the conflict, the siege of Homs is in chaos. It was a first sad glimpse of lives lived under siege: the wounded who survived nearly two years under fire in the Old City of Homs; the elderly, bent by anguish and age, in need of medicine, comfort, and care.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26171674

 

2014.02.15

Syria’s death toll now exceeds 140,000: activist group

More than 140,000 people, over 7,000 of them children, have been killed in Syria’s uprising-turned-civil war, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Saturday.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/15/us-syria-crisis-toll-idUSBREA1E0HS20140215

 

2014.02.20

Libya Gaddafi rape victims to be compensated

Women raped during Libya’s 2011 uprising that toppled long-time ruler Muammar Gaddafi should be recognised as war victims. Its decree would put the women on the same level as wounded ex-fighters and entitle them to compensation.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-26270890

 

2014.02.25

Syria crisis: A Palestinian plea from Yarmouk refugee camp

The situations in Yarmouk refugee camp: a tide of hundreds of people presses against a security barrier. Armed men struggle to contain a crowd desperate to reach a UN food distribution point at the end of a narrow rutted road that cuts through a desolate wasteland of utter ruin.

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-26333533

 

國際武裝衝突

2014.02.05

Scores killed, more than 120 wounded in day of carnage across Iraq

Scores of people were killed and at least 123 others were wounded Wednesday in shootings and explosions across Iraq, senior Interior Ministry officials said.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/05/world/meast/iraq-violence/index.html

 

2014.02.10

UN: Afghanistan civilian casualties rose by 14 percent in 2013

According to the report, 74 percent of the total civilian deaths and injuries in 2013 were inflicted by anti-government forces, and many of those were caused by either suicide attacks or Improvised Explosive Devices, http://jurist.org/paperchase/2014/02/un-afghanistan-civilian-casualties-rose-by-14-percent-in-2013.php

 

2014.02.18

Yemen: 12 killed, 14 soldiers captured in clashes with militants

At least 12 people were killed in violent clashes between Yemeni troops and militants secessionists in the southern Yemeni province of Dhaleh on Tuesday, two Defense Ministry officials told CNN.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/18/world/meast/yemen-violence/index.html

 

2014.02.19

Official: At least 4 killed in southern Beirut explosion

At least four civilians were killed in two blasts in southern Lebanon, Health Minister Wael Abu Faour told reporters Wednesday. Two additional bodies may or may not be those of suicide bombers.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/19/world/meast/lebanon-beirut-blast/index.html

 

2014.02.19

Thailand: Bangkok Violence Escalates

Unlawful actions by Thai police and protesters threaten further violence in Thailand’s ongoing political conflict, Human Rights Watch said today. Thai authorities and protest leaders should take all necessary steps to end politically motivated violence and lawbreakers on all sides should be prosecuted.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2014/02/19/thailand-bangkok-violence-escalates

 

2014.02.20

Venezuela violence continues after arrest of Leopoldo LópezThe UN High Major Venezuelan cities were racked by fire, teargas and volleys of rubber bullets on Wednesday night as anti-government protests escalated after the arrest of opposition figurehead, Leopoldo López.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/19/venezuela-leopoldo-lopez-court

 

2014.02.21

Heavy shelling rocks Golan Heights area between Syria, Israel

Heavy shelling and gunfire echoed close to the Syrian-Israeli frontier at the Golan Heights on Friday as the long-running war between Syrian rebels and government forces raged in a strategic area.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/21/world/meast/syria-civil-war/index.html

 

2014.02.22

Suicide bombing in Lebanon; 3 killed

A suicide car bomb in Lebanon killed at least three people and wounded 15 others on Saturday, Lebanon’s state-run National News Agency reported.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/22/world/meast/lebanon-suicide-bomb/index.html

 

2014.02.23

Libya gunmen launch attack on Tunisian consulate

Gunmen fired a rocket-propelled grenade at a police car parked in front of the Tunisian consulate in the restive eastern Libyan city of Benghazi without causing any casualties or damage on Saturday, security officials said according to Reuters news agency.

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2014/02/23/Gunmen-launch-attack-on-Tunisian-consulate-in-Libya-.html

 

2014.02.24

Activists: 14 killed in car bomb attack in rebel-held Syrian town

At least 14 people were killed Sunday when a car bomb went off near a hospital in the rebel-held Syrian town of Atmeh, near the border with Turkey, opposition activists said.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/23/world/meast/syria-civil-war/index.html

 

2014.02.26

Syria claims forces killed 175 rebels

Syrian government forces killed 175 rebels that it described as mostly Saudi, Qatari and Chechen “terrorists” in an ambush east of Damascus, the state-run SANA news agency reported Wednesday.

http://edition.cnn.com/2014/02/26/world/meast/syria-civil-war/index.html

 

國際經貿法

2014.02.10

U.S. Files Complaint on India Solar Plans

The U.S. on Monday filed a World Trade Organization case against India over a solar-power dispute that has limited U.S. access to the Indian market, a move that could further inflame relations between the two countries.

http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304104504579375132667070044

 

2014.02.12

Indonesia launches safeguard investigation on alloy steel

On 12 February 2014, Indonesia notified the WTO’s Committee on Safeguards that it initiated on 12 February 2014 a safeguard investigation on I and H Sections of Other Alloy Steel.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/safe_idn_12feb14_e.htm

 

2014.02.14

Japan Seeks WTO Panel In Ukraine Auto Duties Dispute

Japan on Thursday moved forward with a challenge at the World Trade Organization of tariffs Ukraine has imposed on passenger automobiles, asking the WTO to establish a panel to weigh in on the dispute.

http://www.law360.com/articles/510168/japan-seeks-wto-panel-in-ukraine-auto-duties-dispute

 

2014.02.18
COOL in court: Canada, U.S. take meat labelling dispute back to WTO

With patience waning on all sides, Canada, Mexico and the United States have headed back to the World Trade Organization (WTO) to argue the future of America’s controversial mandatory country-of-origin labelling (COOL).

http://www.ipolitics.ca/2014/02/18/cool-in-court-canada-u-s-take-meat-labelling-dispute-back-to-wto/

 

2014.02.19

India launches safeguard investigation on saturated fatty alcohols

On 19 February 2014, India notified the WTO’s Committee on Safeguards that it initiated on 13 February 2014 a safeguard investigation on saturated fatty alcohols.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/safe_ind_19feb14_e.htm

 

2014.02.25

India to block U.S. trade probes, ready for fight at WTO

India has decided to block investigations by the United States into its trade policies and patent laws, and prepare for a battle at the World Trade Organization (WTO), a move that could escalate already-strained tension between the two countries.

http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/25/us-india-trade-usa-idUSBREA1O0MH20140225

 

2014.02.26

WTO establishes panel in Faroes, EU dispute

The World Trade Organization’s dispute settlement body (DSB) has decided to establish a panel in the dispute opposing the Faroe Islands to the European Union. The panel will hear the Faroes’ claim that the EU ban imposed on Faroese herring and mackerel imports since last August is in breach of WTO obligations.

http://www.undercurrentnews.com/2014/02/26/wto-establishes-panel-in-faroes-eu-dispute/

 

2014.02.26

WTO Panel To Weigh US Dispute Over Chinese Steel Duties

The World Trade Organization on Wednesday tasked a dispute panel with determining whether China has fallen short of its international trade obligations by continuing to level import duties on U.S. electrical steel.

At a Wednesday meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, the WTO Dispute Settlement Body established a compliance panel to consider the U.S.’ challenge to anti-dumping and countervailing duties China has imposed against American-made grain-oriented, flat-rolled electrical steel.

http://www.law360.com/articles/513552/wto-panel-to-weigh-us-dispute-over-chinese-steel-duties

 

2014.02.26

Panels established at the request of Denmark and the United States

The Dispute Settlement Body, on 26 February 2014, established a panel at the request of Denmark, in respect of the Faroe Islands, to study the measures imposed by the European Union against the Faroe Islands. It also established, at the request of the United States, a compliance panel regarding China’s countervailing and anti-dumping duties on grain oriented flat-rolled electrical steel from the United States.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/dsb_26feb14_e.htm

 

2014.02.27

Costa Rica launches safeguard investigation on pounded rice

On 27 February 2014, Costa Rica notified the WTO’s Committee on Safeguards that it initiated on 11 February 2014 a safeguard investigation on pounded rice.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/safe_cri_27feb14_e.htm

 

國際海洋法

2014.02.02

Japan whale ship ‘rams’ Sea Shepherd boat

Environmental group Sea Shepherd has accused the Japanese whaling fleet of ramming one of its vessels in the Southern Ocean. Sea Shepherd says its ship the Bob Barker was deliberately struck by the Yushin Maru No. 2 early on Sunday morning (AEDT).

http://www.sbs.com.au/news/article/2014/02/02/japan-whale-ship-rams-sea-shepherd-boat

 

2014.02.10

New Zealand protests Japanese whaler violating maritime zone

New Zealand summoned Japan’s ambassador on Monday to protest the entry of a Japanese whaling ship into its exclusive economic zone (EEZ), after clashes earlier between whalers and vessels from the Sea Shepherd conservationist group.

http://uk.reuters.com/article/2014/02/10/us-newzealand-whaling-japan-idUKBREA1903Q20140210

 

2014.02.10

International Court of Justice Defines Maritime Boundary Between Peru and Chile

In 2008, Peru filed an application at the International Court of Justice (the Court), claiming that its southern maritime boundary with Chile had not been formally delimited and asking the Court to undertake the task of delimitation using the equidistance method. The parties concluded their presentations to the Court in December, 2012 and the Court issued its Judgment on January 27, 2014.

http://www.asil.org/insights/volume/18/issue/3/international-court-justice-defines-maritime-boundary-between-peru-and-chile

 

2014.02.13

Japan Presses Claim Over 2010 Collision With Chinese Fishing Boat

The Japanese government filed a damages claim in an Okinawa court on Wednesday against the captain of the fishing vessel, Zhan Qixiong, who was detained after the incident but was later released amid Chinese diplomatic pressure and the threat of economic retaliation.

http://sinosphere.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/02/13/japan-presses-claim-over-2010-collision-with-chinese-fishing-boat/?ref=territorialdisputes

 

2014.02.24

Chinese in Panatag fired water cannons at Pinoy fishermen

MANILA, Philippines — The Chinese Coast Guard fired water cannons at Filipino fishermen to scare them away from the Panatag Shoal (Scarborough), a territory within the Philippines but is being occupied by China in the West Philippine Sea. http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/02/24/1294030/chinese-panatag-fired-water-cannons-pinoy-fishermen

 

2014.02.28

Malaysia, Phl agree on peaceful settlement of disputes in South China Sea

President Benigno Aquino III said here today that Malaysia and the Philippines agreed on the peaceful settlement of disputes in the South China Sea in accordance with the rule of law and United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/02/28/1295788/malaysia-phl-agree-peaceful-settlement-disputes-south-china-sea

 

國際環境法

2014.02.05

Mexico unveils wetlands protection plan

The National Protected Natural Areas Commission, or Conanp, has released a plan to protect the 139 wetlands in Mexico, the country with the second-largest number of protected wetlands in the world.

http://www.laprensasa.com/309_america-in-english/2401517_mexico-unveils-wetlands-protection-plan.html

 

2014.02.18

World leaders clamp down on the illegal wildlife trade

Heads of State, ministers and high-level representatives of over 40 countries as well as 11 international organizations have committed to taking decisive and urgent action to tackle the global illegal wildlife trade.

http://www.iucn.org/news_homepage/?14436/World-leaders-clamp-down-on-the-illegal-wildlife-trade

 

2014.02.20

Air pollution: European commission launches legal action against the UK

The UK faces fines of up to £300m a year and embarrassing court appearances after the European commission launched legal proceedings against it for failing to reduce “excessive” levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) air pollution from traffic, despite 15 years of warnings and several extensions and postponements granted to the government.

http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/feb/20/air-pollution-european-commission-legal-action-uk-nitrogen-dioxide

 

2014.02.21

Indonesian cop caught smuggling rare timber worth millions escapes with 2-year sentence

Green activists are crying foul after an Indonesian police officer believed to have laundered nearly $128 million in proceeds from illegal fuel and timber smuggling was sentenced to just two years in prison for illegal logging – a verdict described as “shockingly lenient” and “unbelievable” given the extent of his alleged crimes.

http://news.mongabay.com/2014/0221-dparker-labora-case.html

 

2014.02.25

Oil, Gas Groups’ Suit Over Drilling In Pa. Nat’l Forest Tossed

A Pennsylvania federal judge on Friday put an end to a lawsuit brought by two oil and gas industry groups that challenged restrictions on drilling in a national forest, concluding that the U.S. Forest Service had already put the contested provisions on hold.

http://www.law360.com/environmental/articles/512993/oil-gas-groups-suit-over-drilling-in-pa-nat-l-forest-tossed

 

2014.02.25

EU Parliament Passes Vehicle Emissions Compromise

European Union lawmakers on Tuesday passed tough carbon emissions standards for vehicles, striking a deal that cuts the average emissions from new cars by 40 percent by 2020 while maintaining some flexibility for the auto industry.

http://www.law360.com/environmental/articles/512974/eu-parliament-passes-vehicle-emissions-compromise

 

2014.02.27

Shell To Pay $4M In FCA Suit Over Cleanup Double-Dipping

Shell Oil Co. will pay $4 million to settle False Claims Act allegations that it sought payments from a Massachusetts fund for hazardous waste cleanup at its gas stations while it also received reimbursements from its insurers, state authorities said Thursday.

http://www.law360.com/environmental/articles/514030/shell-to-pay-4m-in-fca-suit-over-cleanup-double-dipping

 

2014.02.27

Suncor Energy Coughs Up $2M To Settle Oil Spill Case

Suncor Energy Inc. has agreed to pay about $1.8 million to settle the U.S. government’s suit over a leaking oil pipe that allegedly poisoned wildlife outside a refinery near Commerce City, Colo., according to a consent order released Wednesday.

http://www.law360.com/environmental/articles/514046/suncor-energy-coughs-up-2m-to-settle-oil-spill-case

 

2014.02.27

IKEA is in trouble for cutting down 600-year-old trees

According to the U.K.’s Sunday Times, the Forest Stewardship Council has banned disposable-furniture retailer IKEA from cutting down trees in Karelia, Russia.

http://grist.org/list/ikea-is-in-trouble-for-cutting-down-600-year-old-trees/

 

2014.02.27

日本核事故災民將起訴政府 每人索賠500萬日元

據日本共同社27日報導,因福島核事故而在愛媛縣避難的12名災民日前決定起訴日本政府和東京電力公司,每人索賠500萬日元。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/97684

 

國際智慧財產權

2014.02.01

WIPO Patent Law Committee Agrees on Studies, Seminars, Website Updates

Members of the World Intellectual Property Organization patent law committee this week bridged significant differences and agreed on a range of activities for future work, each with their own goals for the international patent system in mind.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/02/01/wipo-patent-law-committee-agrees-on-studies-seminars-websites/

 

2014.02.07

Nokia and HTC signed a patent and technology collaboration agreement

Nokia and HTC have settled all pending patent litigation between them, and entered into a patent and technology collaboration agreement. HTC will make payments to Nokia and the collaboration will involve HTC’s LTE patent portfolio, further strengthening Nokia’s licensing offering. The companies will also explore future technology collaboration opportunities. The full terms of the agreement are confidential.

http://press.nokia.com/2014/02/07/nokia-and-htc-signed-a-patent-and-technology-collaboration-agreement/

 

2014.02.10

WIPO Genetic Resources Text Compiles Differences, Heads TO General Assembly

Despite spending a week in mostly closed, informal discussions, the World Intellectual Property Organization committee working on the protection of genetic resources, got little closer to breaching the opposing viewpoints. Members managed to produce a draft text – with signs of steps toward a middle ground – that they say can serve as a basis for further discussion on the development of an international instrument preventing wrongful patents.

http://www.ip-watch.org/2014/02/10/wipo-genetic-resources-text-compiles-differences-headed-to-general-assembly/

 

2014.02.20

China Supreme Court Ruling Favors AMSC in Two Sivnovel Suits

American Superconductor Corp said two copyright-infringement cases brought in China will be heard in court after the country’s Supreme People’s Court rejected efforts to move the disputes to arbitration.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-19/china-supreme-court-ruling-favors-amsc-in-two-sinovel-suits-1-.html

 

2014.02.20

Origination of Google Earth Focus of Patent Infringement Lawsuit by ART+COM Innovation pool

The origination of the widely popular application Google Earth is the focus of a patent infringement lawsuit filed today by ART+COM Innovationpool GmbH (“ACI”) against Google, Inc. in Delaware Federal Court.

http://www.iptoday.com/news-article.asp?id=8583&type=ip

 

2014.02.25

Apple Joins Samsung in Telling EU to Cut Patent Troll’s Power

Apple Inc. and Samsung Electronics Co., which have sued each other around the globe over patents, joined together to tell the European Union to cut down on the ability of companies that license patents to win court rulings limiting product sales.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-02-25/apple-joins-samsung-in-telling-eu-to-cut-patent-trolls-power.html

 

2014.02.27

Four Printer Companies Accused of Patent Infringement By Marathon Patent Group, Inc.’s CyberFone Systems

Marathon Patent Group, Inc., a patent licensing company, announced today that its subsidiary, CyberFone Systems, LLC, has filed four patent infringement lawsuits in the United States Eastern District Court of Texas against Lexmark, Konica Minolta, Ricoh and Xerox.

http://www.iptoday.com/news-article.asp?id=8598&type=ip

 

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