Home 時事彙整 2013.11 國際法相關時事彙整

2013.11 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

張倍銓、李維崧、陳冠綾、董芃旻、楊邵帆、張雅筑、邱惇、

葉家蓁、蹇夢婷、沈奕均、章凱閎、曾鈺婷、賴育佑、朱翊瑄

 

國際人權法

2013.11.12
General Assembly elects 14 members to UN Human Rights Council

The General Assembly today elected 14 countries to serve on the United Nations Human Rights Council (HRC) for a period of three years beginning on 1 January 2014.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=46476&Cr=human+rights&Cr1=#.UqFHxWQW0S4

 

2013.11.13
Hawaii passes gay marriage law

In another signal victory for the gay rights movement in the United States, the state legislature in Hawaii last night passed a law allowing same sex couples to marry.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/hawaii-passes-gay-marriage-law-8936269.html

 

2013.11.14
Chinese and Saudis join UN human rights body

The appointment of China, Cuba, Russia and Saudi Arabia to the top UN body dealing with human-rights abuses – despite profound concerns over the record of all four nations on safeguarding personal freedoms – has been criticised by campaigners.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/politics/chinese-and-saudis-join-un-human-rights-body-8940590.html

 

2013.11.19
Bulgaria: ‘Inhuman conditions’ spark protest at refugee camp

Urgent action is needed from the Bulgarian authorities to improve conditions at an emergency accommodation centre for asylum seekers near the Turkish border, Amnesty International said after scores of its residents – including people who fled armed conflict in Afghanistan and Syria – staged a protest today.

http://www.amnestyusa.org/news/news-item/bulgaria-%E2%80%98inhuman-conditions-spark-protest-at-refugee-camp

 

2013.11.27
Rights Watchdog: Syrian Women Exploited in Lebanon

Women refugees from Syria are being sexually harassed by employers, landlords and others in Lebanon, adding another layer of suffering for those who have fled their homes in search of safety, an international human rights watchdog said Wednesday.

http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/rights-watchdog-syrian-women-exploited-lebanon-21030739

 

2013.11.29
Nigeria: Boko Haram Abducts Women, Recruits Children

Boko Haram has abducted scores of women and girls, used children as young as 12 in hostilities, and killed hundreds of people in recent attacks, Human Rights Watch said today. TheNigerian government, meanwhile, has failed to account for hundreds of men and boys whom security forces have rounded up and forcibly disappeared during Boko Haram’s four-year insurgency.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/11/29/nigeria-boko-haram-abducts-women-recruits-children

 

2013.11.29
Iraq: Wave of Journalist Killings

Four journalists have been assassinated in Mosul, the capital of Iraq’s Ninewa Province, since early October 2013. Iraqi security officials have said they were investigating the killings, the most recent on November 24, but have not arrested or charged anyone in connection with the attacks.

http://www.hrw.org/news/2013/11/29/iraq-wave-journalist-killings

 

國際人道法

2013.11.23
Syria government air strikes kill dozens in Aleppo

Syrian government air strikes have killed at least 40 people in and around the city of Aleppo, activists say.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-25068112

 

2013.11.23
Kenya armed militia ‘surround 900 villagers’

Some 900 villagers in Kenya are surrounded by armed militiamen amid a territorial dispute between local communities, officials say.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-25068295

 

2013.11.24
Syria conflict: Children ‘targeted by snipers’

More than 11,000 children have died in Syria’s civil war in nearly three years, including hundreds targeted by snipers, a new report says.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-25055956

 

國際經濟法(WTO為主)

2013.11.6
美國否決對中國產硬木和裝飾用膠合板徵收“雙反”關稅

美國國際貿易委員會作出終裁,認定從中國進口的硬木和裝飾用膠合板未對美國相關產業造成實質性損害或威脅,因此否決了美國商務部此前要求對上述產品徵收反傾銷和反補貼關稅的決定。

http://www.chinesetoday.com/big/article/811193

 

2013.11.6
台日關係再深化 簽電子商務五協議

亞東關係協會與日本交流協會在台北簽署簽署「電子商務合作協議」、「優先權證明文件電子交換合作備忘錄」、「藥物法規合作框架協議」、「鐵路交流及合作備忘錄」及「海上航機搜索救難合作協議」。亞協會長李嘉進表示台日雙方下一步將研商洽簽金融監督、租稅、關務和服務貿易等協議,並呼籲日方直接和台灣洽簽自由貿易協定(FTA)。

http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2013/new/nov/6/today-p10.htm?Slots=BP

 

2013.11.7
日本解除美國威斯康辛州家禽肉製品進口禁令

日本政府已解除對威斯康辛州家禽肉製品之進口禁令,恢復相關業務的進出口貿易活動。威斯康辛州立獸醫麥格勞(Paul McGraw)表示威斯康辛州家禽產品無食用安全的疑慮。州政府將持續與美國聯邦政府合作,以期能早日解除與各國間該等進口禁令。

http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=134173&action=content

 

2013.11.7
臺星簽署經濟夥伴協定

臺星兩國簽署臺星經濟夥伴協定(ASTEP),涵蓋議題廣泛,包括投資、政府採購、食品安全檢驗與動植物防疫檢疫措施、電子商務、智慧財產權合作……等,對臺灣朝經濟自由化發展及進入區域經濟整合具有指標性意義。

http://www.moea.gov.tw/Tse/main/news/News.aspx?kind=1&menu_id=40&news_id=18

 

2013.11.7
寧波市委劉奇書記率百餘人抵台 與外貿協會簽署合作備忘錄

外貿協會王熙蒙副秘書長與寧波市洪嘉祥副市長簽署合作備忘錄,以促進雙方包括經貿資訊、商情動態、會展產業等領域的加強合作,並推動組團來台採購事宜。貿協期待更多中小企業運用相關平台前進大陸長三角地區,使台灣企業躍身為大陸消費性產業未來的要角。

http://www.trade.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeID=1002&pid=451984

 

2013.11.13
外貿協會與美國亞利桑那州商務廳簽署合作備忘錄

外貿協會與美國亞利桑那州商務廳(ACA)在台北共同簽署合作備忘錄。台灣在全球的ICT產業供應鏈上位居領導關鍵位置  而亞利桑那州產業強項包括半導體、醫療器材、資通訊及太陽能產業等。希望透過這次MOU的簽署,擴大台美雙方未來在經貿、科技及研發等各方面交流與合作。

http://www.trade.gov.tw/Pages/Detail.aspx?nodeID=1002&pid=452697&dl_DateRange=all&txt_SD=&txt_ED=&txt_Keyword=&Pageid=8

 

2013.11.26
外貿協會與巴基斯坦拉合爾商工總會簽署合作備忘錄

拉合爾是巴基斯坦最大軟體產業重鎮,當地電腦組裝業蓬勃發展;台灣則是全球ICT零組件生產王國,兩國間雙邊貿易額充分顯示巴國為台灣重要的新興拓展市場。透過雙邊合作備忘錄簽署,將可促進兩國廠商進一步交流。

http://www.taiwantrade.com.tw/CH/bizsearchdetail/63363/I

 

國際海洋法

2013.11.6
Japan coast guard arrest Chinese captain for coral fishing in territorial waters

The captain of a Chinese coral fishing boat was arrested by the Japanese Coast Guard on Tuesday on suspicion that they were fishing in Japan’s exclusive economic zone. Although this is a common thread in the responsibilities of the Japanese Coast Guard – chasing away Chinese fishermen who fish in Japan’s territorial waters, and sometimes making arrests – the added tension is surely unwelcome, as the relations between Tokyo and Beijing continue to be strained by territorial disputes.

http://japandailypress.com/japan-coast-guard-arrest-chinese-captain-for-coral-fishing-in-territorial-waters-0639137/

 

2013.11.13
Chinese activists set sail for disputed Spratlys

A group of Chinese activists set sail on Wednesday for a fishing trip to the disputed Spratly Islands in the South China Sea, over a year after 14 were arrested in a similar excursion.

http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/global-filipino/world/11/13/13/chinese-activists-set-sail-disputed-spratlys

 

2013.11.15
Somali pirates jailed in US over American deaths

A US court has sentenced two Somali pirates to life in prison without parole for their role in the killing of four Americans aboard a yacht off the Horn of Africa in February 2011.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-24954797

 

2013.11.20

Gibraltar and Spain ‘just one shot’ from armed conflict

Spanish ships entering Gibraltar’s territorial waters could be “mistaken for terrorists” and shot at, Gibraltar warned today in a dramatic escalation of tensions in the region.

http://www.politics.co.uk/news/2013/11/20/gibraltar-and-spain-just-one-shot-from-armed-conflict

 

2013.11.20
Gibraltar: UK summons for Spanish ambassador

UK Foreign Office officials have met the Spanish ambassador to raise “serious concerns” about a Spanish ship off Gibraltar.

The Royal Navy challenged a Spanish state vessel, the RV Romon Margalef, after it had conducted more than 20 hours of surveying. The Foreign Office said the ship’s presence on Monday and Tuesday had been a “significant incursion”. At the meeting it also highlighted “unacceptable” border delays.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25008237

 

2013.11.21
Underwater Volcano Eruption Creates New Island off the Coast of Japan

An underwater volcanic eruption gave rise to a new island measuring 200 meters in diameter in the Pacific Ocean about 620 miles south of Tokyo, Wednesday morning.

http://www.scienceworldreport.com/articles/11068/20131121/underwater-volcano-eruption-created-new-island-off-the-coast-of-japan-video.htm

 

2013.11.22
Law of the Sea Tribunal Orders Russia to Free Greenpeacers

In a binding ruling, the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea today ordered Russia to release the Greenpeace ship Arctic Sunrise and the 28 activists and two freelance journalists who were onboard during a September protest of Arctic oil exploration.

http://ens-newswire.com/2013/11/22/law-of-the-sea-tribunal-orders-russia-to-free-greenpeacers/

 

2013.11.23
中國東海防空識別區 納入釣魚島空域

中國宣佈劃定東海防空識別區,其中在有主權爭議的釣魚島海域與日本的防空識別區重疊。官方新華社星期六(11月23日)發佈了國防部的有關公告,列明防空識別區自當天10時起(格林尼治標凖時間2時)生效。

http://www.taiwannews.com.tw/etn/news_content.php?id=2352030

 

2013.11.29
Argentine threat over Falkland Islands oil operations

Argentina has threatened oil businesses operating off the Falkland Islands with fines, confiscations and jail sentences for their executives. Argentina’s embassy in London said new laws had been passed by the country’s congress to clamp down on exploration it claims is in breach of UN decisions.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25149096

 

國際環境法

2013.11.18
以亞洲自然觀為基礎的保護區宣言 《仙台憲章》出爐

第一屆亞洲保護區大會於17日落幕,共40餘國家集合政府官員、研究學者NGO,一同思索共同的困境與機會,提出了屬於亞洲保護區的《仙台憲章》(The Sendai Charter)做為「亞洲觀點」,納入將於2014年澳洲雪梨舉行的第6屆世界保護區大會(WPC 2014)議題脈絡中憲章的六大主軸。台灣與會學者指出,會議傳達了兩項很特別的訊息,一是減災與防災的迫切性,二是建立更適合亞洲的保護區類型。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/95073

 

2013.11.24
氣候會談落幕 通過氣候協定大綱

約195個國家於波蘭華沙參加為期2周的氣候變遷會議後,除在資金、損失和損害機制等要點達成相關共識外,並預定於2015年於巴黎簽署對抗全球暖化氣候協定的大綱。

http://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E8%8F%AF%E6%B2%99%E6%B0%A3%E5%80%99%E6%9C%83%E8%AB%87%E8%90%BD%E5%B9%95-%E9%80%9A%E9%81%8E%E6%B0%A3%E5%80%99%E5%8D%94%E5%AE%9A%E5%A4%A7%E7%B6%B1-004701870.html

 

2013.11.25
華沙氣候會議未訂新減排目標 確立「華沙國際機制」

與會代表同意由新的「華沙國際機制」(Warsaw International Mechanism)提供專業技術與可能協助,協助開發中國家處理因氣候變遷引發之極端氣候事件所導致的損失。該機制的確切形式將在2016年進行檢討。

http://e-info.org.tw/node/95255

 

國際武力/武裝衝突

2013.11.14
親巴沙爾政權人士在黎巴嫩遭襲 頭部中槍身亡

遜尼派人士谢赫薩阿德•丁•吉耶,近日在黎巴嫩北部城市的黎波里被暗殺。據悉,薩阿德•丁•吉耶還是伊斯蘭行動陣線组之領導人,該組織一貫支持敘利亞總統巴沙爾•阿薩德政權和真主黨的領導。

http://news.china.com.cn/world/2013-11/14/content_30598871.htm

 

2013.11.16
利比亞對立民兵組織爆發武裝衝突

周六(11月16日)的衝突發生在利比亞首都黎波裏市東部的塔朱拉區,米蘇拉塔民兵組織和當地民兵組織爆發戰鬥。

http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/world/2013/11/131116_libya_clash.shtml

 

2013.11.26
利比亞班加西發生大規模武裝衝突

利比亞臨時政府副總理兼內政部長薩迪克·阿布德·卡裏姆25日發表電視講話說,利比亞國民軍“雷電”特種部隊與伊斯蘭民兵武裝安薩爾旅當天在東部城市班加西發生大規模武裝衝突,造成至少9人死亡、51人受傷。

http://hk.news.yahoo.com/%E5%88%A9%E6%AF%94%E4%BA%9E%E7%8F%AD%E5%8A%A0%E8%A5%BF%E7%99%BC%E7%94%9F%E5%A4%A7%E8%A6%8F%E6%A8%A1%E6%AD%A6%E8%A3%9D%E8%A1%9D%E7%AA%81-030120484.html

 

2013.11.26
剛果(金)軍方說東部戰事致死900多人

剛果(金)武裝部隊第8戰區指揮官鮑馬‧昂邦巴將軍25日說,軍方與反政府武裝“M23運動”在東部的軍事衝突已造成900多人死亡,其中近八成為反政府武裝人員。

http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/world/2013-11/26/c_118294744.htm

 

2013.11.30
泰反政府示威傳槍響 釀1死21傷

泰國反政府示威首度傳出死傷,一名泰國大學生在示威衝突中,中彈身亡,另外還有二十一人受傷。反政府群眾,連日來包圍佔領政府機關,眼見始終無法逼迫總理盈拉下台,情緒沸騰失控,昨天竟然在曼谷鬧區圍攻一輛公車,只因為傳聞車上坐著支持盈拉的紅衫軍。
http://news.cts.com.tw/cts/international/201312/201312011345165.html

 

2013.11.30
黎巴嫩北部教派衝突 6死逾20傷

黎巴嫩安全人士30日晚表示,黎巴嫩北部城市的黎波里支持和反對敘利亞政府的派別當日爆發衝突,造成至少6人死亡、20人多受傷。

http://hk.news.yahoo.com/%E9%BB%8E%E5%B7%B4%E5%AB%A9%E5%8C%97%E9%83%A8%E6%95%99%E6%B4%BE%E8%A1%9D%E7%AA%816%E6%AD%BB%E9%80%BE20%E5%82%B7-054200828.html

 

國際智慧財產權法

2013.11.8
Zynga Wins Scrabble/Scramble Trademark War With Mattel

One of the best known providers of social gaming applications has won a trademark dispute against the world’s biggest toy and game manufacturer. The English High court ruled earlier this week that Zynga’s “Scramble With Friends” word game does not infringe on Mattel’s classic Scrabble board game. Mattel had originally filed a lawsuit against Zynga, claiming that its use of the word “Scramble” was likely to cause confusion among consumers with its own “Scrabble.”
http://www.losangelestrademarklawyer.pro/2013/11/08/zynga-wins-scrabblescramble-trademark-war-with-mattel/

 

2013.11.8
富山(Toyota)轮胎涉嫌侵犯商标权 在美遭东洋轮胎起诉

东洋轮胎橡胶公司近日在美国对富山轮胎公司(Toyama Tyre Corp. Ltd.)发起诉讼,指控后者在营销和销售轮胎时侵犯了其商标权。
http://www.chinaipmagazine.com/news-show.asp?id=10294

 

2013.11.19
三星26款侵权产品在美或遭永久禁售

据国外媒体报道,美国联邦上诉巡回法庭周一驳回加州地方法院对苹果一项不利的裁决,允许后者只要在三星26款侵权产品中证明销量与侵犯专利之间存在联系,就可获得法院支持,从而提出永久性禁售三星侵权产品的要求。

http://tech.163.com/13/1119/03/9E0V4RLP000915BD.html

 

2013.11.22
Starbucks Loses “Charbucks” Trademark Dispute to Underdog Coffee Seller

A federal appellate court ruling handed down last week shut down Starbuck’s efforts to try to stop Wolfe’s Borough Coffee Inc., a small New Hampshire coffee seller, from producing “Charbucks” drinks. Filed in New York District Court, Starbucks’ original complaint detailed how Wolfe’s coffee brand and its subsidiary, Black Bear Micro Roastery, had infringed upon its famous trademark and diluted its brand. Writing for the three judge panel, Circuit Judge Raymond Lohier held that Starbucks did not meet its burden in proving that there was a “blurring” of its brand in the minds of consumers.
http://www.losangelestrademarkattorney.pro/2013/11/starbucks-loses-charbucks-trademark-dispute-to-underdog-coffee-seller.html

 

2013.11.23
三星對蘋果侵權 賠償金追加2.9億美元

蘋果贏得美國法院重審三星專利侵權的賠償案,陪審團裁定三星需加碼賠償蘋果逾二.九億美元,追回去年獲判賠、今年三月遭削減的大部分賠償金。
http://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E4%B8%89%E6%98%9F%E5%B0%8D%E8%98%8B%E6%9E%9C%E4%BE%B5%E6%AC%8A-%E8%B3%A0%E5%84%9F%E9%87%91%E8%BF%BD%E5%8A%A02-9%E5%84%84%E7%BE%8E%E5%85%83-221038975–finance.html

 

2013.11.26
挺民營 BUBBERY經典商標遭陸撤銷

國際名牌BURBERRY的經典格子圖案商標,遭大陸商標局撤銷。BURBERRY對此表示,將提出上訴。深圳皮件公司「路必達馬球」早前根據大陸商標法規定,以連續三年停止使用為由,申請撤銷BURBERRY在第18類「行李物品」等商品上註冊的第G732879號「圖形」商標,該申請於2012年2月27日被大陸商標局予以受理。
http://udn.com/NEWS/BREAKINGNEWS/BREAKINGNEWS6/8321161.shtml?ch=rss_BREAKINGNEWS6

 

2013.11.27
日亞化學追告億光在美子公司

日系LED大廠日亞化學對億光專利侵權訴訟,追加3項專利,並增加控告億光美國子公司Zenaro及Zenaro的美國經銷商Zitroz。

http://tw.news.yahoo.com/%E6%97%A5%E4%BA%9E%E5%8C%96%E8%BF%BD%E5%91%8A%E5%84%84%E5%85%89%E5%9C%A8%E7%BE%8E%E5%AD%90%E5%85%AC%E5%8F%B8-044117112.html

 

2013.11.28
海盗湾创始人之一Warg面临俄法院侵权诉讼

2009年海盗湾(Pirate Bay)联合创始人之一Gottfrid Svartholm Warg在瑞典因侵犯版权被判处一年监禁,但他并未去蹲监而是逃亡到柬埔寨,瑞典随后发布国际逮捕令。在2012年9月份当地警方宣布Warg被捕,并于今年12月份结束单独监禁。目前Warg在瑞典的罪名是独立的黑客攻击,而今天来自俄罗斯法院又给其添加了两条新罪名—非法传播电影,侵犯版权。
http://www.chinaipmagazine.com/news-show.asp?id=10379

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