Home 時事彙整 2013.10 國際法相關時事彙整

2013.10 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單:

張倍銓、李維崧、陳冠綾、董芃旻、楊邵帆、張雅筑、邱惇、

葉家蓁、蹇夢婷、沈奕均、章凱閎、曾鈺婷、賴育佑、朱翊瑄

國際人權法

2013.10.1

Despite Government efforts, torture widespread in Libya’s detention centres – UN report

Torture continues to be widespread in Libya’s detention centres, according to a United Nations report released today, which noted that some 27 people have died in custody in the past two years, with physical abuse cited as the cause.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=46151&Cr=libya&Cr1=#.UmntApTN-jE

 

2013.10.10

Central African Republic: Security Council reinforces UN office, backs African Union peacekeeping role

Seriously concerned by the deteriorating security situation and widespread human rights abuses in the Central African Republic (CAR), the Security Council today 「reinforced and updated」 the United Nations peace building office in the country, while also calling for a political resolution to the conflict.

http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=46239&Cr=central+african+republic&Cr1=#.Umnt3pTN-jE

 

2013.10.11

Syrian rebel fighters guilty of serious abuses, says Human Rights Watch

Opposition fighters who attacked Alawite villages near the Syrian city of Latakia, killing at least 190 civilians, committed “serious abuses” that may amount to crimes against humanity, rights group Human Rights Watch said Friday.

http://www.cnn.com/2013/10/11/world/meast/syria-civil-war/index.html

 

2013.10.17

El Salvador: Where women may be jailed for miscarrying

El Salvador has one of the toughest anti-abortion laws in the world. A side-effect is that women who suffer miscarriages or stillbirths are sometimes suspected of inducing an abortion – and can even be jailed for murder.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-24532694

 

2013.10.18

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Concludes Fifty-sixth Session

The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women today concluded its fifty-sixth session and adopted its concluding observations and recommendations on the reports of the Republic of Moldova, Colombia, Benin, Andorra, Cambodia, Tajikistan and Seychelles on how these countries implement the provisions of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

http://www.unog.ch/unog/website/news_media.nsf/(httpNewsByYear_en)/DD38B15DB8D96BF2C1257C08004C4EB4?OpenDocument

 

2013.10.21

Saudi Arabia ‘failing to address human rights concerns’

Saudi Arabia has failed to act on recommendations by a UN body to improve human rights and instead “ratcheted up” repression, Amnesty International says.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24607253

 

國際人道法

2013.10.13

Red Cross workers kidnapped in Syria

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) says gunmen have abducted six of its workers and one Red Crescent volunteer in north-west Syria.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24513793

 

2013.10.16

Central African Republic clashes: ‘Thousands flee villages’

Tens of thousands of people have been forced to flee “unprecedented levels of violence” in the Central African Republic, the medical charity Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) has said.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-24550561

 

國際經濟法(WTO為主)

2013.10.16

Record number of concerns raised on food safety, animal-plant health measures

The WTO committee dealing with food safety and animal and plant health heard a record number of specific trade concerns — 11 new, 12 old and one under “other business” — but was unable to agree on a mediation procedure designed to avoid legal disputes when it met on 16–17 October 2013. http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news13_e/sps_16oct13_e.htm

 

2013.10.18

越南調漲若干產品之進口稅

越南財政部副部長頃簽發第125/2013/TT-BTC號公告調整稅則列號為2836.30.00、2916.31.00、3302.10.90、3824.90.70等產品之進口稅。

http://wto.cnfi.org.tw/all-news.php?id=20080&t_type=s

 

2013.10.21

歐盟與加拿大簽署自由貿易協定

歐盟與加拿大18日正式簽署「歐、加自由貿易協定 (FTA)」,並為歐盟與美國能達成更大規模的FTA鋪路。加拿大總理哈波與歐盟執委會主席巴洛索完成簽署。

http://wto.cnfi.org.tw/all-news.php?id=20092&t_type=s

 

2013.10.21

巴西發動新的反傾銷調查案

依據巴西本(2013)年10月8日提交WTO最新一期的反傾銷半年報顯示,巴西於本年1月1日至6月30日已展開17件新的反傾銷調查案。加計上期6個月期間,則截至本年6月30日止之年度,總計展開38件新的反傾銷調查案,其中針對中國大陸及南韓各3件,印度、南非及台灣各2件,其他被調查者包括自日本、墨西哥、俄羅斯、沙烏地阿拉伯及泰國等國的進口產品。

http://wto.cnfi.org.tw/all-news.php?id=20093&t_type=s

 

2013.10.24

土耳其對進口電器產品作出保障措施日落複審終裁

土耳其對進口電器產品作出保障措施日落複審終裁:對進口涉案產品繼續徵收為期2年的保障措施稅,採用限價措施,如果涉案產品的到岸價低於最低限價,則按表格中的稅率徵收保障措施稅,如果高於或等於最低限價,則不予徵收保障措施稅,具體稅率見下表,但部分發展中國家不被徵收保障措施稅。

http://wto.cnfi.org.tw/all-news.php?id=20132&t_type=s

 

國際海洋法

2013.10.23

Russia to ignore Greenpeace court hearings in Hamburg

The Russian government has said it will not attend international court hearings in Hamburg over the detention of a Greenpeace ship by its border guards.

Russia opted out of UN Law of the Sea dispute procedures which infringe upon sovereignty in 1997, the foreign ministry pointed out in a statement.

The Netherlands took the case of the Dutch-flagged ship and its crew to the UN tribunal in Hamburg on Oct. 21.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24635793

 

2013.10.24

Russia drops piracy charges against Greenpeace group

Russia has dropped piracy charges against 30 Greenpeace activists, replacing them with hooliganism charges, according to officials. The new charge has a maximum penalty of seven years rather than 15. Greenpeace says it is still “wildly disproportionate”.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24645300

 

2013.10.24

《聯合國海洋法公約》與南海國家實踐國際研討會召開

《聯合國海洋法公約》與南海國家實踐國際研討會24日在海南省海口召開,期間將探討和總結《聯合國海洋法公約》在南海地區的實踐和經驗。會議為期兩天,將圍繞“領海基線與島嶼制度”、“外大陸架聲索:現實與可能性”、“歷史性權利及其在南海的適用性”、“海洋科學研究、水文勘測與軍事勘測”、“航行機制”及“爭端解決機制”等議題展開深入研討。來自中國、美國、澳大利亞、印尼、南韓、馬來西亞、菲律賓、越南、新加坡、瑞典、英國、義大利以及中國台灣、香港等十多個國家與地區的官員、智庫學者、國際機構代表等80多人參加會議。

http://news.sina.com.tw/article/20131024/10941602.html

 

2013.10.25

Philippines Eyes Swift Conclusion of S. China Sea Arbitration

The Philippines is pressing forward with its legal challenge to China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea. Philippine officials this week said they were hopeful the U.N. arbitration body could issue a ruling sooner than initially expected.

China Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China does not accept the arbitration request submitted by the Philippines side. She also urged the Philippines to resolve the dispute through bilateral negotiation.

http://www.voanews.com/content/philippine-eyes-swift-conclusion-by-un-arbitration-body-on-south-china-sea/1776708.html

 

國際環境法

2013.10.17

WTO小組針對歐盟限制海豹產品進口案作成初步認定  

WTO爭端解決小組針對加拿大與挪威控訴歐盟限制海豹產品進口案,於2013年10月8日提供兩造初步認定內容。本案系爭措施為歐盟分別於2009年10月與2010年8月所頒布之第1007/2009號規章與第737/2010號規章,禁止海豹皮、海豹肉與海豹油等產品之進口與銷售。

http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=133628&action=content

 

2013.10.22

Ships banned from discharging seabird pollutant PIB

More than 4,000 birds were killed or injured by the chemical polyisobutene (PIB) between Cornwall and Sussex, and on the Channel Islands.The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) has reclassified PIBs from 2014,which means ships will only be able to wash their tanks and dispose of all PIB residues while in port.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-24617697

 

2013.10.24

水俁公約將於30年內逐步淘汰全球水銀使用          

日前140國代表於日本通過近十年來第一個關切環境與衛生的全球公約─水俁公約(Minamata Convention),計劃將在30年內消除所有商業用品中的水銀成份,相關物品包括電池、油漆、亮膚霜及公用事業與小規模開採金礦等。

水俁公約仍需至少50國的批准,歐盟與中國大陸在內的90餘國已簽署該公約。未簽署的國家包括印度與俄羅斯,而有意簽署的美國受限於先前政府停擺而擱置。http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=133869&action=content

 

國際武力/武裝衝突

2013.10.5

埃及多地區再次發生武裝衝突 導致至少4人死亡

被推翻的埃及前總統穆爾西的支持者、反對者以及保安部隊4日在開羅和亞歷山大港等等地再次發生衝突。首都開羅市中心有激烈槍戰和爆炸,至少導致4人死亡。

http://www.hinews.cn/news/system/2013/10/05/016101608.shtml

 

2013.10.9

菲律賓監獄發生武裝衝突 導致1人死亡12人受傷

位於菲律賓首都馬尼拉市郊的Bilibid監獄發生武裝衝突,導致1人死亡,12人受傷。

http://military.china.com.cn/2013-10/09/content_30241594.htm

 

2013.10.9

中非武裝衝突 30人死亡

中非共和國西北部一村莊8日爆發武裝衝突,造成至少30人死亡、數十人受傷,衝突雙方為前中非反政府武裝聯盟「塞雷卡」的武裝人員和地方自衛武裝團體。地方自衛武裝團體從7日開始對該國西北部的加爾加村發起攻擊,造成3人死亡、十多人受傷,後來他們被前「塞雷卡」武裝人員擊退。截至8日上午,衝突仍在持續,已造成至少30人死亡。加爾加村居民都已被迫離開村子,到周圍的灌木叢中躲避。

http://www.chinesetoday.com/big/article/800220

 

2013.10.16

Armed conflicts between militants, Kurd fighters kill over 40

Two days of heavy clashes between Kurdish fighters and al-Qaeda-linked militants in northeast Syria have left over 40 dead on both sides.

http://www.presstv.ir/detail/2013/10/16/329735/armed-conflicts-kill-over-40-in-syria/

 

2013.10.22

剛果武裝衝突逾百死

剛果東部北基伍省連續兩日的武裝衝突,造成超過100人死亡。在位於北基伍省首府戈馬市西北大約200公里的平加鎮,兩支地方武裝19日起駁火,兩天內的死亡人數超過100人。由於當地居民缺少鹽、衣物等必要的生活物資,不少平民躲進聯合國駐剛果穩定特派團營地。

http://www.singtao.com/breakingnews/20131022b125636.asp

 

2013.10.23

Iraq violence: Police killed in Anbar attacks

At least 19 police officers and three civilians have been killed in a series of attacks overnight in the western Iraqi province of Anbar, officials say.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-24631099

 

2013.10.23

黎巴嫩北部爆發武裝衝突

黎巴嫩北部城市的黎波里反對派和支持派爆發武裝衝突,造成至少1人死亡,14人受傷,部分房屋被燒毀。雙方使用機關槍和火箭彈等武器駁火,在衝突地區駐守的黎巴嫩軍隊嘗試制止雙方交火但不成功。據報,較早前敘利亞總統巴沙爾發表講話時,有支持巴沙爾的武裝分子向天開槍,導致兩派武裝分子駁火,最終釀成武裝衝突。

http://news.sinchew.com.my/node/329795?tid=74

 

2013.10.26

伊朗東南部武裝衝突致17名邊防人員死亡

伊朗東南部錫斯坦-俾路支斯坦省25日晚發生邊防人員與武裝分子交火事件,造成17名邊防人員死亡,5人受傷。

http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/world/2013-10/26/c_117884272.htm

 

2013.10.26

14名伊朗士兵喪生 敘利亞汽車炸彈40人死亡

中東地區衝突不斷,10月26日,14名伊朗士兵於16日凌晨在伊巴邊境執勤時被一群持槍者打死。同日,敘利亞首都大馬士革又遭受汽車炸彈攻擊,導致至少40人死亡數十人受傷。

http://big5.soundofhope.org/node/386959

 

2013.10.27

阿富汗”綠藍”之鬥再次上演 致一死一傷

阿富汗首都喀布爾的一座軍事基地內再次發生了“綠襲藍”的“內鬥”,導致一名阿富汗士兵死亡和一名北約士兵受傷。

http://big5.chinabroadcast.cn/gate/big5/gb.cri.cn/42071/2013/10/27/7211s4298819.htm

 

國際智慧財產權法

Nestle Gets Nespresso Patent Revoked

Nestle has encountered a huge setback as the European Patent Office (EPO) this week threw out a patent that has to do with its popular Nespresso single serve coffee system. The regulatory body, which covers 28 European countries, did not set forth its exact reasons for invalidating the patent, but noted that such an explanation will be forthcoming in the next few weeks. This blow comes at a crucial time for Nestle as it has been publicly attempting to stop several rivals, such as Ethical Coffee Company SA and Mondelez International Inc., from producing coffee pods that fit in the Nespresso machines.

http://www.losangelespatentlawyer.pro/2013/10/15/nestle-gets-nespresso-patent-revoked/

 

2013.10.21

Tunisia Joins the International Trademark System

Tunisia’s Minister of Industry Mehdi Jomâa and WIPO Director General Francis Gurry today hailed the entry into force of the Madrid Protocol in Tunisia, while reviewing bilateral cooperation and discussing WIPO’s future technical assistance to Tunisia.

http://www.wipo.int/pressroom/en/articles/2013/article_0023.html

 

2013.10.21

Simplifying access to patent protection in Moldova

The heads of the European Patent Office (EPO) and the State Agency on Intellectual Property of the Republic of Moldova (AGEPI) have signed a validation agreement, which will allow European patent applications and patents to take legal effect in Moldova. The agreement was signed by EPO President Benoît Battistelli and AGEPI Director-General Lilia Bolocan in Munich on 16 October.

http://www.epo.org/news-issues/news/2013/20131021.html

 

2013.10.22

Apple Dealt a Win with USPTO Approval of “Steve Jobs Patent”

Los Angeles – Apple scored a huge break this week as the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) changed its mind and confirmed the patentability of a sought-after patent now dubbed the “Steve Jobs Patent.” The ruling came almost a year after the PTO initially rejected all twenty of the cited claims. After months of reconsidering, however, it finally stated this week that, “No amendments have been made to the patent. As a result of the re-examination, it has been determined that the patentability of claims 1-20 is confirmed.”

http://www.losangelespatentattorney.pro/2013/10/apple-dealt-a-win-with-uspto-approval-of-steve-jobs-patent.html

 

2013.10.24

蘋果勝訴 獲判未侵害Wi-Lan專利

美國德州東區聯邦地方法院23日判決蘋果公司勝訴,未侵害加拿大專利授權業者Wi-Lan的無線技術專利,駁回Wi-Lan求償2.48億美元的要求。

http://udn.com/NEWS/BREAKINGNEWS/BREAKINGNEWS5/8250617.shtml?ch=rss_BREAKINGNEWS4#ixzz2ivS0JObB

2013.10.25

星巴克起诉泰国咖啡摊主侵犯其商标权

丹農肯定想不到自己的咖啡攤會引來這麼多關注,原因就是自己咖啡店的標誌與美國連鎖集團星巴克的標誌雷同。據悉,丹農是泰國曼谷路邊咖啡攤的業者,早在2012年,星巴克就曾致函丹農,認為丹農使用的綠色與白色的圓形標誌侵犯了它的商標,並要求丹農停止使用該商標。而且,星巴克還向智慧財產法院申請禁令,獲得法院批准。

http://www.chinaipmagazine.com/news-show.asp?id=10029

 

2013.10.25

德爾福訴「戴爾福」商標侵權案勝訴
全球領先的汽車零件供應商德爾福汽車系統公司(紐交所代碼:DLPH)的子公司——德爾福貿易(上海)有限公司,在控告昆山戴爾福電子科技有限公司(以下簡稱「戴爾福」)侵犯德爾福智慧財產權與商標專用權一案中獲得勝訴。此外,根據「域名爭權解決辦法程序規則」,被告“戴爾福”註册的兩個網站被關閉。這是近年來中國汽車市場又一個智慧財產保護的典型案例。

http://www.chinaipmagazine.com/news-show.asp?id=10025

 

2013.10.25

Disney Loses Court Battle Over 3D Movie Patents

Walt Disney Studios has lost an appeal in a dispute that could open up questions about whether it still has the right to distribute some of its recent 3D blockbusters as well as create new films using a patented 2D-to-3D conversion process.

http://www.chinaipmagazine.com/en/news-show.asp?id=6283

 

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