Home 時事彙整 2012.12 國際法相關時事彙整

2012.12 國際法相關時事彙整

第15期電子報

王芊茵、簡宏熠、董奕君
戴士捷、張芷綺
共同整理

綜合新聞

2012.12.01

Rebels in DR Congo withdraw from Goma
Rebels in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo have withdrawn from the key city of Goma under a regionally brokered agreement.The UN has warned of a growing humanitarian crisis in the region because of the recent fighting.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20565711

2012.12.03
衝突暫停火剛果叛軍撤退待談判
在區域國家的斡旋下,剛果叛軍M23終於同意撤軍,但雙方是否坐上了和平的談判桌,仍引發外界疑慮。在國際調停下,剛果民主共和國東部的M23叛軍,上週末終於撤出東部大城戈馬。但在停火的同時,M23卻也未改強硬態度,聲稱若與政府談判再次破裂,則部隊將隨時準備開火,並不惜再次占領戈馬。
http://news.msn.com.tw/news2933968.aspx

2012.12.03
Uhuru Kenyatta and William Ruto confirm Kenyan alliance
Two bitter political rivals in Kenya facing trial at the International Criminal Court have confirmed their alliance for next year’s election.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20587529

2012.12.03
Israel settlements: Netanyahu defies outcry over E-1
Israel says it will not give in to international pressure to halt plans for 3,000 new settler homes in East Jerusalem and the West Bank.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20589137

2012.12.05
Jailed arms broker Gary Hyde’s international deals
An arms dealer has been jailed for seven years for helping to move a large shipment of guns from China to Nigeria without a licence. But the scale of the weaponry movements was a cause of concern to human rights groups such as Amnesty International.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-humber-20611401

2012.12.05
Political dialogue, not military force, priority in tackling Mali crisis, Security Council told
A military operation may be required as a last resort to deal with terrorist and criminal elements in northern Mali, but the priority must be on supporting the national authorities to restore constitutional order and reach a political settlement to the ongoing crisis, the Security Council was told today.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43684&Cr=+mali+&Cr1=#.UL_faoPql2M

2012.12.05
Top UN relief official calls on Myanmar’s leaders to support humanitarian efforts
Some $41 million of the $68 million needed to help the 115,000 displaced people during the next nine months remains outstanding, according to OCHA, citing revised figures from the Rakhine Response Plan put together by the humanitarian community in Myanmar.
來源:United Nations

2012.12.05
Is Assad seeking asylum?
U.S. officials have said for months that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s days in power are numbered. A fight to the death might seem a more plausible outcome as the carnage of the Syrian civil war approaches its second year. But the idea of asylum in a third country is an option that is also emerging in questions over Assad’s fate.
http://security.blogs.cnn.com/2012/12/05/is-assad-seeking-asylum/?hpt=wo_c2

2012.12.06
埃及再爆衝突 族群裂痕加深
埃及總統穆希(Mohamed Morsi)宣布擴權,要通過有爭議的新憲法草案,引發朝野陣營嚴重對立,甚至爆發流血衝突,造成死傷,凸顯了埃及目前的處境,強人的陰影仍然揮之不去,內部族群對立裂痕加深。埃及內部對立的紛亂情況,短期內恐怕很難平息。
http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=393394&id=1&id2=2

2012.12.07
UN氣候會議進入最後1天 眾多議題仍無解
在卡達杜哈舉行的聯合國氣候變化綱要公約(UNFCCC)締約方第18屆大會,7日進入最後一天議程,繼續討論延長規範溫室氣體排放量的京都議定書,以及資助貧窮國家對抗環境變遷等重大問題。在提供資金協助貧窮國家因應環境變遷,並轉向使用對地球友善的能源資源方面,將近200個國家的與會代表僵持不下。
http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=393509
2012.12.09
Somali army captures key town from Al-Shabaab rebels
The Somali National Army, along with African Union troops, on Sunday launched a long-awaited offensive against al Qaeda-linked Somali rebels and captured the town of Jowhar, the AU and residents said.
來源:CNN

2012.12.09
UN達成協議 延長京都議定書
聯合國會議主席8日表示,大會已就一套對抗氣候變遷方案達成協議,並延長京都議定書效力期限。京都議定書「第二減排承諾期」的方式,經過在杜哈(Doha)長達12天的辯論後達成,延長京都議定書效力的目的,是要在2020年新公約生效前,遏制氣候變遷。
http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=393795&id=1&id2=2

2012.12.11
American citizen being held in North Korea, U.S. says
An American citizen has been detained in North Korea for more than a month, U.S. officials said Tuesday. The Swedish government, which acts as the protecting power for the U.S. in North Korea, is working to get consular access and trying to get him released, the official said
來源:CNN

2012.12.12
North Korea rocket: International reaction
The Secretary-General deplores the rocket launch announced by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea [North Korea].It is a clear violation of Security Council resolution 1874, in which the Council demanded that the DPRK not conduct any launch using ballistic missile technology.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-20690762

2012.12.14
Syrian regime approaching collapse, NATO chief says
Syrian officials belittled the declarations. Information Minister Omran al-Zoebi said the recognition was comparable to Syria recognizing “Liverpool Football Club as the sole representative of the British people while in fact it represented very little,” Britain’s Independent newspaper said.
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/12/13/world/meast/syria-civil-war/index.html

2012.12.14
US, UK and Canada reject UN internet treaty
The US, Canada and UK have refused to sign an international communications treaty at a UN conference in Dubai. The countries objected to calls for states to have equal rights over the governance of the internet.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-20723878

2012.12.14
Japan scrambles fighter jets after Chinese plane seen near disputed islands
Analysts say that by sending its own patrols into the area, China is challenging Japan’s de facto control of the islands, which has been the status quo for the past 40 years.
The United States has said it doesn’t take sides in territorial disputes and urged the two sides to resolve the situation peacefully.
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/12/13/world/asia/japan-china-disputed-islands/index.html?hpt=wo_c2

2012.12.14
Patriot missiles a warning to Syria’s al-Assad
The United States and Germany are sending Patriot missiles and troops to the Turkish border, a warning to Syria’s besieged President Bashar al-Assad.
http://edition.cnn.com/2012/12/14/world/meast/syria-civil-war/index.html?hpt=wo_c2

2012.12.14
UN Expert Group Encourages Review of Egypt’s Draft’s Draft Constitution Concerning Equality and Women’s Right
The United Nations Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice has expressed deep concern regarding equality, non-discrimination and protection and promotion of women’s human rights in the final draft of the new Constitution. The experts acknowledge that the final draft Constitution includes in its preamble a general principle which provides that “equality and equal opportunities are established for all citizens, men and women, without discrimination or nepotism or preferential treatment, in both rights and duties”.  However, crucially, it does not include in its substantive provisions the guarantee of non-discrimination based on sex necessary to give effect to the principle of equality between men and women in the preamble and in accordance with Egypt’s international human rights obligations.
The United Nations Office at Geneva

 

2012.12.17
Israel approves East Jerusalem settlement plans
About 500,000 Jews live in more than 100 settlements built since the occupation of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The settlements are considered illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20760864

 

2012.12.17
Scottish independence: Sir David Edward says Jose Manuel Barroso ‘wrong’ on EU
Professor Sir David Edward, a former European Court judge added: “I express no opinion as to whether either Scotland or the Rest of the UK (RoUK) or both would be “successor States” in conventional international law.”
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-20757450

 

2012.12.19
Israel settlements: UN steps up pressure
The UN is stepping up pressure on Israel over its settlement building on occupied Palestinian land in the West Bank and East Jerusalem. The settlements are considered illegal under international law, though Israel disputes this.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20793138
2012.12.20
UN Security Council demands Malian rebel groups cut all ties to terrorist organizations
Determining that the situation in Mali constitutes a threat to international peace and security, the UN Security Council, acting under the enforcement provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, demanded that Malian rebel groups cut off all ties to terrorist organizations, notably Al-Qaida in Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and associated groups, and take concrete and visible steps to this effect.
來源:United Nations Multimedia

2012.12.20
Migrants Deserve Full Recognition as Rights Holders, Say Experts on Occasion of International Migrants Day
UN experts announced the following joint statement on the International Migrants Day. Human rights are derived from human dignity and not from national origin or migratory status.Crossing a border without the required documentation or overstaying a visa is not per se a crime. Measures that criminalize irregular migration include the enactment of laws that penalize migrants in an irregular situation and persons that assist migrants. In addition to being contrary to human rights and increasing the vulnerability of migrants, these measures have not been proven effective in deterring irregular migration.
來源:United Nations Office at Geneva

2012.12.21
CIA drone strikes: Is the UK involved?
Earlier this year, after years of secrecy, President Obama defended the use of drones, saying that the strikes were legal under both US and international law. However, the United Nations has begun its own investigation into the use of drones in counter-terrorism operations and it is expected to publish its findings next year.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-20804072

2012.12.21
UN backs Mali intervention force to oust rebels
The UN Security Council has authorised an African-led military force to try to oust Islamists from northern Mali.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20801094 

2012.12.21
朴槿惠對北韓政策 會選擇第3條路
南韓下任總統朴槿惠的一位親信說:針對北韓問題,朴槿惠既不是採「陽光政策」,也不是「施壓政策」,而是選擇「第三條路」。據朝鮮日報報導,朴槿惠的外交安全政策三大關鍵口號「可持續的和平、可信賴的外交、幸福的統一」。
http://tinyurl.com/cnscwny

2012.12.22
Taiwan condemned over executions

Taiwan has executed six death row inmates, the first use of the death penalty this year. Campaigning human rights group Amnesty International has condemned the move as “cold-blooded killing”.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-20822542

2012.12.24
Asia-Pacific adopts plan to use space technology for disaster risk reduction and sustainable development
Asia-Pacific countries have adopted a five year Regional Plan of Action for the application of space technology to address natural disasters and achieve sustainable development. under the auspices of the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2012/12/asia-pacific-adopts-plan-to-use-space-technology-for-disaster-risk-reduction-and-sustainable-development/

2012.12.27
越南海洋法明年生效
越南海洋法等10項法令與法規,明年1月1日起將正式生效。這些法規對越南有著重大影響,特別是海洋法,可能涉及南海主權爭議、越南與其他國家漁權議題。
http://news.msn.com.tw/news2967486.aspx

2012.12.29
The UN General Assembly’s Second Committee – economic and financial issues
Some of the work raised at Rio+20 was approved by the General Assembly’s Second Committee in this year’s session. This includes proposals for the General Assembly to implement scientific methods to assess, monitor and reverse desertification and land degradation; promoting ecotourism to help poverty eradication and environmental protection; and increasing nations’ capacities, particularly those of developing countries, to prevent and respond to natural disasters.

Using a deadline of 2030, its objective is to mobilize all sectors of society in order to provide universal access to modern energy services; doubling the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency; and doubling the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.

In addition, the Committee approved a text calling for an increase in the share of new and renewable sources of energy which would make an important contribution to enhancing universal access to sustainable modern energy services.
來源:United Nations

 國際人道法

2012.12.03
Ordinary people are paying the price’ of violence in Syria – UN humanitarian official
The Response Plan seeks $348 million to cover humanitarian relief activities inside Syria, but has so far received $157 million.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43659&Cr=Syria&Cr1=#.UL01TYPql2M
2012.12.12
UN war crimes tribunal sentences Bosnia Serb intelligence chief over Srebrenica and Zepa
A United Nations war crimes tribunal today sentenced a former Bosnian Serb military chief to life imprisonment after convicting him of genocide and other crimes linked in part to the murders of Bosnian Muslim men and boys at Srebrenica in 1995.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43752&Cr=war+crimes&Cr1=#.UNuKQm_ql2M

2012.12.16
Syria crisis: Damascus al-Yarmouk camp ‘attacked’
A Palestinian refugee camp in the Syrian capital Damascus has been attacked, reportedly by war planes, activists say.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-20747485

 

2012.12.18
Humanitarian needs rising as residents flee fighting in Syria
As the Syria conflict and its impact on civilians continue to escalate, humanitarian needs are rising as residents flee fighting and seek safety in schools run by the UN agency assisting Palestinian refugees.
http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2012/12/humanitarian-needs-rising-as-residents-flee-fighting-in-syria/
2012.12.19
Security Council condemns ongoing attacks and atrocities by Lord’s Resistance Army
The Security Council has strongly condemned the ongoing attacks and atrocities carried out by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) and their continued violations of international humanitarian law and abuses of human rights.
http://www.unmultimedia.org/radio/english/2012/12/security-council-condemns-ongoing-attacks-and-atrocities-by-lords-resistance-army/
2012.12.20
At UN Rwanda genocide tribunal, former government minister sentenced to 35 years in jail
A trial chamber of the United Nations war crimes tribunal set up in the wake of the 1994 genocide in Rwanda today sentenced a former government minister, Augustin Ngirabatware, to 35 years imprisonment for genocide, direct and public incitement to commit genocide and rape as a crime against humanity.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43826&Cr=criminal+tribunal&Cr1=#.UNuIi2_ql2M
2012.12.21
Kenya’s Somali refugee plan unlawful, says Amnesty
A decision by Kenya to move all asylum-seekers and refugees out of urban areas and into overcrowded camps is unlawful, Amnesty International says.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20819462

2012.12.21
ICC released Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui from custody following his acquittal
Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui was released from custody following his acquittal by Trial Chamber II of the International Criminal Court (ICC). The Prosecutor has however appealed the verdict.
http://www.icc-cpi.int/en_menus/icc/press%20and%20media/press%20releases/news%20and%20highlights/Pages/pr868.aspx

2012.12.20
UN refugee agency cautions against stigmatizing refugees in wake of violence in Kenya
The United Nations refugee agency spoke out today against public statements in Kenya linking the presence of refugees in that country to recent violence – which the agency equally condemned.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43823&Cr=kenya&Cr1=#.UOJC32_Acvk

2012.12.21
Documented cases of human rights abuse emerge against M23 armed group in DR Congo
Newly documented human rights violations in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) include cases of arbitrary executions and rape – among other atrocities – by the 23 March Movement (M23) armed group, the United Nations human rights agency said today.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43836&Cr=democratic&Cr1=congo#.UOJELm_Acvk

2012.12.21
Rebel union in Central African Republic raises humanitarian concerns
A new alliance of three rebel groups in the Central African Republic(CAR), which has taken control of five towns in northern-central areas, could jeopardise a complex peace process that has been under way since 2007.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2012/dec/21/rebel-central-african-republic-humanitarian

2012.12.28
Security Council demands halt to rebel attacks in Central African Republic
The Security Council has demanded that armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR) immediately cease hostilities, following attacks on several towns in recent days, and called on all parties to seek a peaceful solution to the current crisis.
http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=43851&Cr=central+african+republic&Cr1=#.UOFMG2_Acvk

人權問題

2012.11.29
象牙海岸政局不穩 人民逃亡
非洲西部象牙海岸自從2010年底總統大選後,政局陷入極度不安,人民開始逃亡,至今情況並未好轉。報導指出,兩位前後任總統的支持者間所爆發的激烈衝突,至今已滿兩周年,至少造成3000人喪生、上百萬人民逃離家園,如今選舉後殘餘暴力依舊存在,苦難的人民依舊必須過著顛沛流離的日子
http://www.cna.com.tw/News/aOPL/201211290269-1.aspx

2012.11.29
聯合國證實剛果戈馬市確有侵犯人權現象
聯合國在戈馬市的代表團説,他們證實了在反政府組織控制下的戈馬市出現了侵犯人權的現象。在接受美國之音採訪時,聯合國代表團發言人穆努拜説,一些關於在戈馬市侵犯人權的指責已經得到證實。他説,“迄今為止我們已經收到了五十向有關侵犯人權的指控。我們正在進行調查,大約有25起,也就是一半的指控已經得到證實,但是有關調查還在進行之中。”
http://www.voafanti.com/gate/big5/www.voachinese.com/content/un-dr-congo-20121129/1555673.html

2012.12.20
人權觀察:以襲加薩記者違法
總部位於紐約的人權觀察(Human Rights Watch)今天(20日)表示,以色列上月攻擊加薩(Gaza),殺害巴勒斯坦2名記者,並攻擊媒體設施,這些舉動違反戰爭法。人權觀察中東分部主任衛茲森表示: :「幫哈瑪斯說好話的記者,或是那些贊同攻擊以色列的電視台,他們可能從事宣傳,但這不意味他們就是戰爭法之下合法的攻擊目標。」
http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=396059&id=1&id2=2

國際經貿

2012.12.03
「購島」重挫日本與中國大陸經貿
在全球經濟不景氣的情況中,大量在中國大陸的日本企業不得不承受日本非法「購島」事件釀成的後果。從總體看,中日雙邊貿易額下降。2012年1至8月日本對中國大陸出口額下降6%,9月降幅擴大至14%,10月下降11%。專家指出,中日關係由「政冷經熱」變為「政冷經涼」,且兩國經貿合作受挫嚴重衝擊日本經濟。
http://udn.com/NEWS/BREAKINGNEWS/BREAKINGNEWS4/7539980.shtml

2012.12.03
Greece begins buying back bonds
Greece has launched a programme to buy back some of its debt, which is a condition of it receiving the next tranche of its bailout loans.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-20580977

2012.12.04
WTO Arbitrator determines “reasonable period of time” in “US-COOL” dispute
A WTO Arbitrator, on 4 December 2012, issued his award regarding the “reasonable period of time” for the implementation of Dispute Settlement Body recommendations and rulings in the dispute “United States – Certain Country of Origin Labelling (COOL) Requirements” (WT/DS384, WT/DS386).
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/384_386arb2_e.htm

2012.12.04
國際/加拿大加入跨太平洋夥伴關係新一輪談判
加拿大國際貿易部長法斯特3日宣佈,加拿大已正式加入了正在新西蘭奧克蘭舉行的最新一輪跨太平洋夥伴關係(TPP)貿易談判。加拿大於2012年10月8日正式加入TPP。該組織由澳大利亞、汶萊、加拿大、智利、馬來西亞、墨西哥、新西蘭、秘魯、新加坡、美國和越南等11個國家組成,代表近6.58億人、總GDP為20.7萬億兆美元的巨大市場。
http://www.cdnews.com.tw/cdnews_site/docDetail.jsp?coluid=109&docid=102130976

 

2012.12.04
尼宏薩3國峰會 聚焦馮瑟卡灣
尼加拉瓜總統奧蒂嘉(Daniel Ortega)、薩爾瓦多總統傅內斯(Mauricio Funes)和宏都拉斯總統羅柏(Porfirio Lobo)明天將在馬納瓜會晤,共商馮瑟卡灣海域的發展。尼加拉瓜第一夫人兼總統府通訊委員會協調人穆利優對本地官方電視台透露,明天的3國峰會討論的主題將是分析灣區目前的形勢,以及落實3國已簽定相關協定的方法。
http://news.msn.com.tw/news2935102.aspx

2012.12.05
Committee on Government Procurement approves observership for VietNam
The Committee on Government Procurement, on 5 December 2012, approved a request by Viet Nam for observer status. The decision brings to 26 governments the total number of observers to the plurilateral Government Procurement Agreement (GPA)
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/gpro_05dec12_e.htm

2012.12.05
£40bn held in Swiss bank accounts by UK taxpayers
An estimated £40bn is being held in Swiss bank accounts by UK taxpayers. The estimate, the first to be published, is contained in the documents accompanying the Autumn Statement.A breakthrough tax agreement with the Swiss government comes into force on 1 January 2013.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-20616680

2012.12.05
Ireland budget: Local property tax introduced
These include a new property tax of 0.18% of the value of a home up to 1m euros ($1.3m; £800,000). These are the latest in a long line of austerity measures imposed on Ireland by international lenders that bailed out the country in 2010.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-20608238

2012.12.06
WTO非農產品市場進入新任主席著手重振談判
日,瑞士駐WTO大使維塞普(Remigi Winzap)接任前任瓦榭沙(Luzius Wasescha)大使位置,成為新任WTO非農產品市場進入(non-agricultural market access, NAMA)談判主席。維塞普在今(2012)年11月29日會議上展現積極態度,試圖重振停滯不前的NAMA談判,然而,與會會員初步響應並不熱烈。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127109

2012.12.06
香港提議將國內規章準則納入ISA之談判
今(2012)年11月29日,身為「服務貿易真正之友」(the Real Good Friends of services trade)會員之一的香港表示,希望「國際服務協定」(International Services Agreement, ISA)會員能就「國內規章準則」議題進行通盤之討論。此外,香港希望儘速著手審議就此議題擬定複邊架構之可能性。香港就該議題最主要關切事項,在於各國政府不應藉由苛刻與不透明之法規,減損服務貿易市場進入承諾之開放程度。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127108

2012.12.06
WTO開始進行第四屆全球貿易援助檢視會議相關準備工作
WTO預定於明(2013)年7月8日至10日於日內瓦總部舉行第四屆全球貿易援助檢視會議(Fourth Global Review of Aid for Trade),本次會議的主題為「連結價值鏈」(Connecting to Value Chains),將關注開發中和低度開發國家參與全球價值鏈及其所遭遇的障礙,思考如何透過貿易援助,協助其進入全球價值鏈中,並建立自己的產業價值。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127107

2012.12.06
乳製品及藥品議題為紐西蘭同意簽署TPP之關鍵議題
儘管紐西蘭於2007年開始積極地推動「跨太平洋夥伴協定(Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, TPP)」之談判,面對即將於今(2012)年12月3日開始,在紐西蘭第一大城奧克蘭(Auckland)舉行為期9天之TPP談判會議,紐西蘭總理基伊(John Key)仍不得不正視國內反對聲浪,於本屆TPP談判會議開始前表態。他表示,若無法在乳製品及藥品議題上獲得有利於紐西蘭之進展,紐西蘭將不會同意簽署TPP協定。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127106

2012.12.06
歐盟將與日本進行自由貿易談判
歐盟成員國貿易部長於今(2012)年11月29日,同意授權歐盟執委會與日本進行自由貿易談判,以擴張與東亞之經濟關係。歐盟執委會之任務在於透過關稅減讓開拓1,500億歐元(約1,950億美元)之貿易關係,縮減日本在金融服務、汽車及醫藥等商品之非關稅障礙。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127105

2012.12.06
Next Aid for Trade review to highlight constraints in connecting to value chains—Lamy
Director-General Pascal Lamy, in opening the FERDI, ITC and World Bank Workshop on Aid for Trade at the WTO headquarters on 6 December 2012, expressed the hope that the Fourth Global Review of Aid for Trade next year will “highlight the main constraints which firms in developing countries face in connecting to value chains and the support that is being provided to address the constraints”.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/sppl_e/sppl260_e.htm

2012.12.06
Members work on improving quantity and quality of aid for cotton
Development assistance for mainly African cotton producers since 2005 continues to head towards $400m as donors and recipients seek to increase the flow and find better ways of assessing how well it is working, WTO members heard on 6 December 2012.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/cdac_06dec12_e.htm

2012.12.06
宏墨自貿協定明年元旦生效
宏都拉斯貿易協商代表芮登杜(Melvin Redondo)今天宣布,墨西哥與中美洲國家於2011年集體簽訂的自由貿易協定,對宏都拉斯的協定將於明年1月1日生效。墨通社報導,墨西哥曾分別與中美洲哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜、薩爾瓦多、宏都拉斯和瓜地馬拉簽訂自貿協定,並於去年將與各國協定統一為1個協定。
http://tinyurl.com/avsnd4g

2012.12.07
南美共市峰會 玻國簽加入協議
南美南方共同市場領袖峰會今天在巴西首都巴西利亞舉行,玻利維亞簽署加入南錐經濟體協議。南美共市(Mercosur)(即南錐共同市場)領袖峰會的各國代表,今天發表共同聲明提出61項重點,包括玻利維亞簽署加入南錐經濟體協議,委內瑞拉成為正式成員國.
http://news.msn.com.tw/news2941369.aspx

2012.12.07
Chair: entrenched positions blocking intellectual property talks
Negotiations to create a multilateral register of geographical indications for wines and spirits are deadlocked over what the talks should cover, the chairperson, Ambassador Yonov Frederick Agah of Nigeria, reported to the Trade Negotiations Committee.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/trip_07dec12_e.htm

2012.12.07
Chair heartened by agriculture negotiators’ willingness, despite concern about balance
Recent consultations on new proposals have been constructive and pragmatic although some members fear that isolating some subjects could upset the balance that has been struck so far, the chairperson of the agriculture negotiations reported to the Trade Negotiations Committee.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/agng_07dec12_e.htm

2012.12.07
Members welcome progress in Azerbaijan’s accession
WTO members reviewed the state of play in the market access negotiations, foreign trade regime and legislative reforms to advance Azerbaijan’s accession to the WTO.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/acc_aze_07dec12_e.htm

2012.12.07
Afghanistan’s WTO accession negotiations accelerate
At the third meeting of the Afghanistan accession working party, held on 7 December 2012, WTO members expressed their willingness to make this accession a priority in 2013.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/acc_afg_07dec12_e.htm
2012.12.10
WTO approves Tajikistan’s membership
The General Council today (10 December 2012) paved the way for Tajikistan’s membership of the WTO by approving its accession package. Tajikistan would have to ratify the deal by 7 June 2013 and would become a WTO member 30 days after the ratification.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/acc_tjk_10dec12_e.htm
2012.12.12
Panama files dispute against Argentina’s trade measures in goods and services
Panama has notified the WTO Secretariat, 12 December 2012, of a request for consultations with Argentina on alleged discrimination and restrictions in certain measures applied by Argentina to trade in goods and services.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/ds453rfc_12dec12_e.htm

2012.12.13
服務貿易真正之友通過服務業談判之架構
服務貿易真正之友(the Real Good Friends of Services Trade)集團於今(2012)年12月3日在澳洲舉行為期三天之會議,會中通過由其專家起草之文件,揭示了更具企圖心的複邊服務貿易協議目標與建議架構,並將儘早於明(2013)年展開談判。目前該集團的21個成員將會把文件帶回各自國家尋求授權,以確保明年展開談判任務。澳洲貿易代表茵德(Tim Yeend)表示,該談判會議相當令人振奮,不僅成員積極參與且極具建設性。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127215
2012.12.13
美國針對阿根廷多項貿易限制措施向WTO提起爭端解決訴訟程序
今(2012)年12月6日,美國向WTO請求成立爭端解決小組,針對阿根廷於今年內生效的一系列貿易限制措施進行裁決。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127214
2012.12.14

Fiscal cliff imperils Asian economies, U.N. says
A failure by politicians in the United States to avoid the fiscal cliff could drag down economies on the other side of the globe, according to a new analysis by a United Nations agency.
http://money.cnn.com/2012/12/14/news/economy/fiscal-cliff-asia/index.html?iid=HP_LN

 

2012.12.19
WTO issues panel reports on Canada’s renewable energy measures
On 19 December 2012, the WTO issued panel reports in the disputes “Canada — Certain Measures Affecting the Renewable Energy Generation Sector” (complaint by Japan, DS412) and “Canada — Measures Relating to the Feed-in Tariff Program” (complaint by the European Union, DS426), respectively.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news12_e/412_426r_e.htm

2012.12.20
Japan offers CHF 395,604 to WTO training programme for developing countries
Japan has donated CHF 395,604 to the Doha Development Agenda Global Trust Fund (DDAGTF) and this new contribution brings its contribution up to CHF 9.1 million.
http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/pres12_e/pr684_e.htm

2012.12.20
跨太平洋夥伴協定預計於明年10月完成談判
跨太平洋夥伴協定(Trans Pacific Partnership, TPP)第15回合談判於2012年12月11日結束,共計11國數百名官員參與,為期10天。紐西蘭首席談判代表沃克(David Walker)於12日表示,加拿大及墨西哥等新成員加入此回合談判協商,談判過程已取得相當進展,而後續較艱難之議題也更為明確,如智慧財產權、環境及投資等。與會國期望於明(2013)年完成協定。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127292
2012.12.20
杜哈環境會議提供開發中國家氣候援助基金
聯合國第十八次《氣候變化綱要公約》(UNFCCC)締約國大會(COP18)於今(2012)年11月26日至12月7日在杜哈舉辦,參與國家高達195國,最後歷經三十六小時馬拉松式的會議後結束。開發中國家未來將取得氣候援助基金,以對抗全球氣候變遷帶來的後果。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127293

2012.12.20
巴拿馬針對阿根廷相關貿易限制措施向WTO提起爭端解決
巴拿馬於今(2012)年12月12日,向WTO提出與阿根廷進行爭端解決程序之諮商請求,其主張阿根廷對於進口貨品與服務實施非法貿易限制措施。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127296

2012.12.20
中國大陸正式提交第三次政府採購修正承諾清單
於今(2012)年12月5日舉行之政府採購委員會會議上,中國大陸正式提交其為加入政府採購協定(Government Procurement Agreement, GPA)之第三次修正承諾(revised offer)清單。
http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=127297

 

2012.12.24
韓中兩國大陸架劃界恐出現重疊
韓國外交通商部24日在國務會議上報告韓國政府的《中國東海外大陸架劃界案》,首爾的一位外交消息人士表示:“韓國政府此次主張的大陸架權利將比2009年向聯合國大陸架界限委員會提交初步劃界案時大幅擴大。”據悉,此次提交的正式劃界案中,從韓國自然延伸出去的大陸架延伸到日本領海附近,部分區域還越過沖繩海槽。
http://cn.chosun.com/big5/site/data/html_dir/2012/12/24/20121224000015.html

2012.12.27
北韓大陸雙邊貿易 4年3級跳
南韓今天公布的數據顯示,北韓和中國大陸的去年雙邊貿易額是2007年的將近3倍,凸顯北韓對唯一主要盟友大陸的依賴加深。大陸顯然是擔心北韓政權崩潰招致的後果,多年來提供燃料等方面援助。
http://tinyurl.com/c23e5wv

國際安全

2012.12.04
菲抗議中國海南新法 指責中方令南海局勢升級
菲律賓外交部網站12月1日發表聲明稱,中國對非法進入海南省管轄海域的外國船舶進行檢查的計劃將嚴重違反《南海各方行為宣言》及《聯合國海洋法公約》等相關國際法。聲明還稱,中方的行為“對國際社會構成直接威脅”,應當“受到國際社會的譴責”。菲外交部敦促中國“立即澄清”有關計劃。
http://www.stnn.cc:82/gate/big5/news.stnn.cc/guoji/201212/t20121204_1831109.html

2012.12.04
印度誓言捍衛在南中國海利益
印度海軍司令聲稱,印度在保衛本國在南中國海的海上和經濟利益方面絕不後退。海軍司令D.K.喬什上將12月3日説,雖然印度對南中國海沒有主權要求,但如果有必要,將向南中國海部署軍艦。印度國營石油天然氣公司(ONGC)在南中國海越南聲稱屬於其經濟專屬區的一處區塊有合作項目。
http://www.voafanti.com/gate/big5/www.voachinese.com/content/india-south-china-sea-20121204/1558552.html

2012.12.07
美部署艦艇 監控北韓發射火箭
美國太平洋軍區司令洛克利爾(Samuel Locklear)6日表示,美國已經部署配備了反彈道飛彈系統的海軍艦艇,對即將發射火箭的北韓進行非常密切的監控。洛克利爾表示,美國出動海軍艦艇進行監控,才能夠了解北韓是否確實違反聯合國安全理事會決議發射飛彈,以及是什麼樣的飛彈?作用何在?落在何處?使何者受到威脅?美軍也將追蹤火箭可能掉落的任何部分。
http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=393437&id=1&id2=2

2012.12.11
聯合抗中 菲律賓表態支持日本建軍
在菲律賓、越南等南海周邊國家因為南海主權爭議,而與中國關係緊張之際,菲律賓政府十日表示,支持日本修改和平憲法,重新建軍,成為具備完整軍隊的國家。菲國認為,更強大的日本將是制衡中國軍事崛起的重要力量。
http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2012/new/dec/11/today-int2.htm

 

2012.12.18
安倍擬1月訪美 強化日美同盟
日本自民黨黨魁安倍晉三今天上午與美國總統歐巴馬進行了約10分鐘的電話會談,兩人達成明年1月在美國舉行日美高峰會談協議。「朝日新聞」報導,即將接任日本首相的安倍在電話中向歐巴馬傳達了希望儘早訪問美國與歐巴馬會談的意願,他表示「希望就強化日美同盟好好地談一談」,歐巴馬也給予正面回應,表示「日美同盟關係非常重要」。
http://www.cna.com.tw/News/aOPL/201212180173-1.aspx

 

2012.12.22
清剿馬利恐怖份子 聯合國同意出兵
聯合國安全理事會二十日無異議通過一項決議案,授權由非洲國家領導的軍事部隊前往馬利,協助馬國政府剷除佔據馬國北部、與開打組織有關連的伊斯蘭極端份子。但該決議案也規定,國際干預必須等到因三月軍事政變而陷入混亂的馬利,恢復政治穩定與完成軍隊訓練後才能發動,讓馬國北部許多民眾感到失望。
http://tinyurl.com/ceah3kn

2012.12.25
產經:中國大陸提議 與日本共管釣島
日本「產經新聞」25日報導,為了對即將成為日相的自民黨黨魁安倍晉三施壓,中國大陸不但頻頻進入釣魚台附近領海領空,還企圖讓日本接受「共同支配釣島」。可是習近平的領導班子卻設新目標,要日本默認中國大陸官方船隻可以在釣魚台列嶼周邊巡邏,把交涉的困難度更加提高。
http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=396857

2012.12.28
日俄同意重啟和平條約談判
官員說,日本新首相安倍晉三(Shinzo Abe)與俄羅斯總統蒲亭(Vladimir Putin)今天同意重啟和平條約談判。自二次世界大戰結束以來,雙方因領土紛爭一直未能簽署和平條約。
http://news.msn.com.tw/news2970105.aspx

2012.12.29
中國欲延大陸棚界至沖繩 日本強烈反對
日本政府宣佈,有關中國向聯合國提交把「東海大陸棚」疆界,延伸到沖繩海槽一事,日本已經向聯合國秘書處表達反對,並且要求聯合國「不予審查」
http://tinyurl.com/cztv7u4

 

 

 

 

 

© 中華民國國際法學會 版權所有 ® 2014 Copyright Chinese (Taiwan) Society of International Law