Home 時事彙整 2014.01 國際法相關時事彙整

2014.01 國際法相關時事彙整

本期編輯名單

張倍銓、李維崧

 

國際人權法

2014.01.01

Israel government ‘tortures’ children by keeping them in cages, human rights group says

An Israeli human rights organisation has accused the government of torturing children after it emerged some were kept in outdoor cages during winter.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/israel-government-tortures-children-by-keeping-them-in-cages-human-rights-group-says-9032826.html

 

2014.01.10

China sets thousands of prisoners free as labour camps close

The Chinese Government has closed a number of labour camps on the outskirts of Beijing, and released tens of thousands of people who were imprisoned without trial, it has been reported.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/china-sets-thousands-of-prisoners-free-as-labour-camps-close-9052423.html

 

2014.01.27

Northern Cyprus votes to legalise gay sex

Northern Cyprus, the last jurisdiction in Europe where gay sex between consenting adults was illegal, has voted to remove the offence from its statute books.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/27/northern-cyprus-ban-gay-sex-repeal-homosexual

 

2014.01.28

Huge swath of GCHQ mass surveillance is illegal, says top lawyer

GCHQ’s mass surveillance spying programmes are probably illegal and have been signed off by ministers in breach of human rights and surveillance laws, according to a hard-hitting legal opinion that has been provided to MPs.

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/jan/28/gchq-mass-surveillance-spying-law-lawyer

 

2014.01.28

Philippines police played ‘wheel of torture’ game to extract information

Philippine police officers played a “wheel of torture” game at a secret detention facility near Manila as a way to extract information from suspects – and also to have fun, the government’s human rights commission said on Tuesday.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/28/philippines-police-wheel-of-torture-game

 

2014.01.29

China jails another New Citizens activist

A Beijing court said it had found two more activists from the New Citizens movement guilty of disturbing public order and sentenced one of them to prison.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/29/china-jails-another-new-citizens-activist

 

2014.01.29

Handling of female asylum seekers ‘puts UK to shame’

The hidden plight of women asylum seekers detained in Britain is exposed today as a major new report warns that female rape and torture victims are being locked up indefinitely, suffering from depression and being intimidated by male guards.

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/handling-of-female-asylum-seekers-puts-uk-to-shame-9091856.html

 

國際人道法

2014.01.17

Child soldiers fighting in South Sudan conflict, says UN

South Sudan’s conflict has turned into a “horrifying humanitarian and human rights disaster” with evidence of mass atrocities, child soldiers and human rights violations by both sides during a month of ethnic fighting, the United Nations said yesterday.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/south-sudan/10579738/Child-soldiers-fighting-in-South-Sudan-conflict-says-UN.html

 

2014.01.21

Massive War Crimes: Syrian Regime Tortured, Starved, Murdered 11,000 Prisoners

A new report by three respected jurists argues that photographic evidence provided by a defector from the Syrian police proves systematic torture and summary execution of thousands of prisoners by the Baath regime headed by Bashar al-Assad. Ian Black at the Guardian broke the story.

http://www.truthdig.com/report/item/massive_war_crimes_syrian_regime_tortured_starved_murdered_11000_prisoners_

 

2014.01.30

Syria wiping neighbourhoods off the map to punish residents – rights group

The Syrian government has demolished thousands of buildings, in some cases entire neighbourhoods, in parts of Damascus and Hama, as part of a collective punishment against residents of rebel-held areas, Human Rights Watch has found.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/30/syria-neighbourhoods-residents

 

國際經濟法(WTO為主)

2014.01.09

亞太國家通過區域經濟整合歷史性倡議

來自亞太地區36個國家的領袖、部長和高階官員代表,於去(2013)年12月20日在聯合國亞洲及太平洋經濟社會委員會(Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, ESCAP)主辦之論壇上,一致通過促進亞太區域經濟合作與整合之倡議-《曼谷宣言》(Bangkok Declaration)。各國承諾將進一步透過緊密合作,整合亞洲市場,提高區域運輸便捷化程度,並強化在能源、金融領域之合作,以及增強自然災害風險之應變能力。該宣言被視為是一項具有里程碑意義的新倡議,可做為未來推動建構亞洲區域經濟整合之行動路線圖。

http://www.wtocenter.org.tw/SmartKMS/do/www/readDoc?document_id=135404&action=content

 

2014.01.20

WTO launches advanced trade policy course for developing country officials

Twenty-six participants from developing and least-developed member and observer governments are attending the two-month Advanced Trade Policy Course from 20 January to 13 March 2014 at the WTO headquarters in Geneva. The course was opened by the patron, US Ambassador Michael Punke, and Bridget Chilala, Director of the Institute for Training and Technical Cooperation.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/tra_20jan14_e.htm

 

2014.01.23

歐洲議會通過政府採購新規定

繼歐洲議會(the European Parliament)國際貿易委員會於去(2013)年11月28日在布魯塞爾作成決議,決定對外國企業參與歐盟公共採購市場進行限制後,歐洲議會於今(2014)年1月14日以479票贊成、184票反對,以及17票棄權之表決數,通過有關政府採購之新規定。

http://web.wtocenter.org.tw/Page.aspx?pid=235524&nid=120

 

2014.01.23

Indonesia launches safeguard investigation on hot-rolled bars and rods

On 23 January 2014, Indonesia notified the WTO’s Committee on Safeguards that it initiated on 17 January 2014 a safeguard investigation on certain hot-rolled bars and rods.

http://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news14_e/safe_idn_23jan14_e.htm

 

2014.01.25

我與WTO會員國發表聯合宣言

為積極參與國際談判,爭取我業者權益,經濟部表示,我國與其他13個世界貿易組織(WTO)會員國在瑞士達沃斯(Davos)共同發表,在WTO架構下推動環境商品複邊談判聯合宣言。該倡議,是為落實聯合國氣候變化綱要公約(UNFCCC)對抗氣候變遷並發展綠能產業,以達全球環境永續發展之目標。

http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20140125002579-260410

 

國際海洋法

2014.01.27

Court Grants Peru Ocean Territory Claimed by Chile

A six-year maritime dispute between Chile and Peru was settled on Monday when the International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled largely in favor of Peru, stripping Chile of economic rights over a swath of the Pacific Ocean.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/americas/court-grants-peru-ocean-territory-claimed-by-chile.html?_r=0

 

2014.01.26

大陸執行南海捕魚新規定效應

大陸海南省第五屆人大常委會第5次會議於2013年11月29日修訂通過《海南省實施「漁業法」辦法》(以下簡稱《辦法》),自2014年1月1日正式啟動不數日,旋即引起南海周邊相關國家及國際輿論嚴肅關注,尤其美國務院9日指責中共推施《辦法》是挑釁且可能造成危險舉動,矛頭指向其第35條規定:「外國人、外國漁船進入本省管轄水域進行漁業生產或者漁業資源調查活動應當經國務院有關主管部門批准」;惟中共外交部發言人華春瑩10日針對國際批判回應稱,海南省此次修訂《辦法》及法律實踐,與1986年制定《漁業法》並無差異,強調不是法律法規有問題,而是解讀者心理有問題。

http://news.sina.com.tw/article/20140126/11669094.html

 

國際環境法

2014.01.31

對抗氣候變遷 彭博任聯合國特使

聯合國秘書長潘基文(Ban Ki-moon)1月31日任命美國紐約市前市長彭博(Michael Bloomberg),作為他的城市與氣候變遷問題特使,負責在9月的聯合國高峰會議之前建立動力。

http://news.rti.org.tw/index_newsContent.aspx?nid=481356

 

國際武力/武裝衝突

2014.01.12

伊拉克恐攻 汽車炸彈3連爆釀3死

伊拉克於12日發生連3起汽車炸彈恐怖攻擊,第一起發生在巴格達市中心的公車站,造成3人死亡,30餘人受傷。攻擊目標是那些剛遞交申請想加入伊拉克軍隊準備回家的新兵。這已經是這星期第2起針對巴格達徵兵中心的恐怖攻擊。

http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20140112003133-260408

 

2014.01.17

敘利亞內戰 俄加強軍援阿塞德

熟悉武器交運消息人士表示,俄羅斯最近幾週加強供應軍事裝備給敘利亞,包括提供裝甲車輛、無人機和導向炸彈等,增強總統阿塞德的力量。而反抗軍陣營正因內鬥而削弱本身勢力。

http://hk.news.yahoo.com/%E6%95%98%E5%88%A9%E4%BA%9E%E5%85%A7%E6%88%B0-%E4%BF%84%E5%8A%A0%E5%BC%B7%E8%BB%8D%E6%8F%B4%E9%98%BF%E5%A1%9E%E5%BE%B7-155000644.html

 

2014.01.18

塔利班恐怖攻擊 喀布爾爆炸21死

阿富汗首都喀布爾傳出恐怖攻擊,一間位在市區的餐廳在18號晚間發生爆炸,至少造成21人死亡,其中包括4名聯合國人員,以及一名IMF國際貨幣基金組織官員,塔利班隨即出面坦承犯案,由於北約即將在今年底從阿富汗撤軍,這也顯示阿富汗的安全風險還是很高。

http://news.sina.com.tw/article/20140118/11615276.html

 

2014.01.24

開羅發生爆炸攻擊 多人死傷

埃及首都開羅接連發生三起爆炸攻擊,造成5人死亡,將近70人受傷。

爆炸攻擊的目標似乎是埃及警察。

一輛威力強大的汽車炸彈在警察總部大樓外面爆炸,4人死亡,51人受傷。

數個小時後,又發生兩次爆炸,1人死亡,15人受傷。

http://www.bbc.co.uk/zhongwen/trad/world/2014/01/140124_egypt_blast.shtml

 

2014.01.28

奈及利亞恐怖攻擊 至少45

非洲西部國家奈及利亞東北部27日發生恐怖攻擊,疑似恐怖組織「博科聖地」(Boko Haram)的槍手在東北部博爾諾州的康杜加地區卡烏里村裝設爆裂物,炸死至少45人,另造成26人受傷。

http://www.chinatimes.com/realtimenews/20140128001131-260408

 

2014.01.30

斯里蘭卡內戰失蹤人員約達1.4萬人

據斯官方28日公布的統計數字,自去年8月以來,獨立的斯裏蘭卡內戰失蹤人員總統調查委員會已收到1.3萬分內戰失蹤人員報告,失蹤人數約為1.37萬人。

http://news.sina.com.hk/news/20140130/-12-3178444/1.html

 

國際智慧財產權法

2014.01.09

Apple and Samsung Chiefs to Meet a Mediator Ahead of Next Patent Suit

In March, Apple and Samsung Electronics are scheduled to go to trial again to fight over smartphone patents. But after discussing settlement opportunities earlier this week, the companies have agreed to meet with a mediator.

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/01/09/apple-samsung-mediation/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_r=0

 

2014.01.09

Nokia控侵權 德法院駁回 宏達電批其過度擴張專利

德國慕尼黑地方法院今(9)日判決駁回Nokia(諾基亞)控告宏達電侵害Nokia歐洲第0804046號專利,這項專利是關於透過空中介面更新移動終端設備軟體的方法與裝置,宏達電對此判決感到欣慰,並批評Nokia過度擴張專利。

http://www.nownews.com/n/2014/01/09/1084528

 

2014.01.19

片仔癀起訴上藥八寶丹商標侵權 回應稱同宗同源

片仔癀周五晚間公告稱,向漳州市中院遞交民事訴訟狀,起訴上藥集團下屬廈門中藥廠商標侵權及不正當競爭,索賠3000萬元,漳州中院已於17日正式立案。

http://finance.sina.cn/?sa=t74d12462651v39&pos=17&vt=4

 

2014.01.22

诉假冒小米手机销售者商标侵权案获支持

经营通讯器材的肖先生、李先生在销售的手机上使用“mi”等标识,侵犯小米科技有限责任公司(以下简称小米公司)注册商标专用权。近日,北京市丰台区人民法院对该起全国首批起诉假冒小米手机销售者商标侵权案件作出一审判决,分别判决两名个体工商户停止侵权并赔偿小米公司经济损失及合理开支共计一万四千余元。

http://ip.people.com.cn/n/2014/0122/c136655-24196849.html

 

2014.01.27

Google and Samsung Sign Broad Cross-Licensing Agreement

Google and Samsung Electronics have signed a broad agreement to cross-license a range of each other’s patents, bolstering ties between the two main powers behind the global pre-eminence of the Android operating system for smartphones.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/technology/google-and-samsung-sign-broad-cross-licensing-agreement.html

 

2014.01.28

億光遭美法院裁罰 與日亞化專利戰 雙方激烈攻防

億光與日本LED廠日亞化專利訴訟官司持續上演,日前日亞化向美國密西根州東區法院控告億光侵犯其YAG白光專利,法院裁定日亞化的請求成立,億光遭裁罰5000美元(約15萬台幣),同時必須負擔相關訴訟費用。

http://www.appledaily.com.tw/appledaily/article/finance/20140128/35607383/

 

2014.01.29

三星与爱立信“释前嫌” 和解专利诉讼案

三星和爱立信之间的一桩旧案昨日终于了结。当地时间本周一,瑞典移动网络设备制造商爱立信宣布已与韩国三星集团达成和解,后者同意支付6.5亿美元,加上数年的版税,以了结双方之间的一起技术许可纠纷。

http://finance.workercn.cn/536/201401/29/140129141919411.shtml

 

2014.01.24

美國國際貿易委員會裁定:華奇化工“337調查”獲勝

日前,美國國際貿易委員會正式裁定聖萊科特起訴華奇化工侵權的商業秘密點絕大多數並不受保護,並推翻了最初建議的普遍排除令,這意味著首例中美並審商業秘密案美方判定做出重大修改讓步,華奇化工贏得階段性成果。

http://news.cnyes.com/Content/20140124/KIT3KP8QFM8YE.shtml?c=headline_sitehead

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